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Economic Transition and Trade-Policy Reform: Lessons from China


  • Kiichiro Fukasaku
  • Henri-Bernard Solignac Lecomte


Trade-policy reform is an essential feature of China’s economic transition to a market economy. On the one hand, the liberalisation and decentralisation of export activities has boosted exports. On the other hand, the reform of China’s import regime has been progressing much more slowly. This has two negative consequences. The persisting combination of high nominal protection rates and numerous tariff exemptions creates a dual regime: export-oriented firms enjoy free access to imports, while the domestic sector remains highly protected from international competition, which allows for continuing misallocation of resources. This incompleteness of trade reforms currently prevents China from joining the WTO, which might eventually hamper its further integration into the world economy ... La réforme de la politique commerciale en Chine est un élément essentiel de sa transition vers une économie de marché. La libéralisation et la décentralisation des échanges ont permis une forte croissance des exportations, mais la réforme du régime des importations est beaucoup plus lente. La persistance de barrières douanières élevées, assorties de nombreuses dérogations, est à l’origine d’un régime dualiste : les entreprises exportatrices importent librement leurs intrants, alors que le secteur domestique reste fortement protégé de la concurrence internationale, ce qui entretient la mésallocation des ressources. De plus, l’inachèvement des réformes empêche la Chine d’accéder à l’OMC, ce qui pourrait, à terme, compromettre la poursuite de sa stratégie d’ouverture ...

Suggested Citation

  • Kiichiro Fukasaku & Henri-Bernard Solignac Lecomte, 1996. "Economic Transition and Trade-Policy Reform: Lessons from China," OECD Development Centre Working Papers 112, OECD Publishing.
  • Handle: RePEc:oec:devaaa:112-en

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    4. Philippe Callier, 1989. "Debt Relief and Adjustment Incentives in a Financially Open Economy: Comment on Corden," IMF Staff Papers, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 36(2), pages 514-522, June.
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    7. Jeffrey D. Sachs, 1989. "Introduction to "Developing Country Debt and the World Economy"," NBER Chapters,in: Developing Country Debt and the World Economy, pages 1-34 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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    Cited by:

    1. Bin, Sheng, 2000. "The Political Economy of Trade Policy in China," Working Papers 10/2000, Copenhagen Business School, Department of Management, Politics & Philosophy.
    2. Thierry Mayer, 2006. "Policy Coherence for Development: A Background Paper on Foreign Direct Investment," OECD Development Centre Working Papers 253, OECD Publishing.
    3. Xiaohui Liu & Chang Shu, 2003. "Determinants of Export Performance: Evidence from Chinese Industries," Economic Change and Restructuring, Springer, vol. 36(1), pages 45-67, March.
    4. Françoise Lemoine, 1996. "Trade Policy and Trade Patterns During Transition: a Comparison Between China and the CEECs," Working Papers 1996-02, CEPII research center.
    5. Simon, György, 2001. "Reform és növekedés Kínában
      [Reform and growth in China]
      ," Közgazdasági Szemle (Economic Review - monthly of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences), Közgazdasági Szemle Alapítvány (Economic Review Foundation), vol. 0(7), pages 673-692.
    6. Josh Ederington & Jenny Minier, 2002. "Tariff Uniformity and Growth," Journal of Economic Policy Reform, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 5(2), pages 65-73.

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