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Antimicrobial use, resistance and economic benefits and costs to livestock producers in Brazil


  • Marisa Cardoso

    (Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul)


Brazil is one of the world’s largest producers and exporters of meat and animal products. This report compiles information and data on antimicrobial use and antimicrobial resistance in food-producing animals in Brazil. Antimicrobials are used in food producing animals, mainly as a growth promoter. While the use of antibiotics is estimated to be falling, there is concern amongst livestock producers as to the possible rise in production costs resulting from the withdrawal of these antibiotics, and they are currently exploring alternative interventions and their likely economic impact on their incomes. Recent regulatory and policy changes, including the implementation of the National Action Plan on Antimicrobial Resistance in Agriculture, are aimed at limiting the use of antibiotics in livestock production and containing the rise in antimicrobial resistance.

Suggested Citation

  • Marisa Cardoso, 2019. "Antimicrobial use, resistance and economic benefits and costs to livestock producers in Brazil," OECD Food, Agriculture and Fisheries Papers 135, OECD Publishing.
  • Handle: RePEc:oec:agraaa:135-en
    DOI: 10.1787/27137b1e-en

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    Cited by:

    1. Delmond, Anthony R. & Ahmed, Haseeb, 2021. "Optimal Antimicrobial Use under Countervailing Externalities," Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Western Agricultural Economics Association, vol. 46(3), September.
    2. Kanjilal, Kiriti & Ahmed, Haseeb, 2021. "Transboundary regulation and management of antibiotics in livestock," 2021 Annual Meeting, August 1-3, Austin, Texas 313889, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association.

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    JEL classification:

    • Q1 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture

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