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La técnica de escalamiento lineal por intervalos: una propuesta de estandarización aplicada a la medición de niveles de bienestar social

Listed author(s):
  • Actis Di Pasquale, Eugenio
  • Balsa, Javier

En el presente estudio realizamos una propuesta de estandarización de indicadores basada en la técnica de escalameniento lineal (LST por sus siglas en inglés) que denominamos "LST por intervalos". Los métodos tradicionales poseen ciertas limitaciones diferenciales en cuanto a invariancia, robustez, posibilidad de analizar series temporales, pérdida de la variabilidad original de los datos y capacidad de generar escalas ordinales que representen niveles -bajo, medio, alto- del fenómeno social estudiado. La LST por intervalos consigue superar esas limitaciones a través de dos etapas: 1) la fijación de niveles de correspondencia intermedios a través de un consenso intersubjetivo entre especialistas, y 2) la estandarización lineal entre los valores de referencia. El método propuesto representa un doble avance. Por un lado, permite construir índices parciales (correspondientes a cada dimensión de un concepto) que satisfacen todas las condiciones deseadas. Por otro lado, generar una escala ordinal equiparable entre los distintos componentes que están listos para ser agregados por algún método particular que no elimine esa condición. Para ilustrar estas ventajas se presenta un ejercicio de transformación aplicado a tres indicadores de bienestar social con datos de Argentina. No obstante, el método puede ser aplicado para la estandarización de otros conceptos teóricos.

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File URL: http://nulan.mdp.edu.ar/2697/1/actis-balsa-2017.pdf
File Function: info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
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Paper provided by Centro de Documentación, Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Sociales, Universidad Nacional de Mar del Plata in its series Nülan. Deposited Documents with number 2697.

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Date of creation: Jun 2017
Publication status: Published in Revista de Métodos Cuantitativos para la Economía y la Empresa, (23), 2017, pp. 164-193
Handle: RePEc:nmp:nuland:2697
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  1. ED Diener, 1995. "A value based index for measuring national quality of life," Social Indicators Research: An International and Interdisciplinary Journal for Quality-of-Life Measurement, Springer, vol. 36(2), pages 107-127, October.
  2. Frederik Booysen, 2002. "An Overview and Evaluation of Composite Indices of Development," Social Indicators Research: An International and Interdisciplinary Journal for Quality-of-Life Measurement, Springer, vol. 59(2), pages 115-151, August.
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