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Two ways to look at learning regions in the context of globalization: The homogenizing and particularizing approaches

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Abstract

Despite the countless publications on the subject, globalization remains a black box. On the descriptive level, there is relative consensus as to the facts, but the meaning is not truly understood. As a result, extremely contradictory hypotheses circulate, ranging from the ‘end of geography’ the global village and the borderless ‘global company’ to those who highlight the development of territorialized forms of production and the role of proximity. This article brings out the different ways of viewing this phenomenon and their consequences. The main rift between the different approaches is between ‘homogenizing’ approaches and ‘particularizing’ approaches. The former postulate that any phenomenon may be viewed within a ‘universal’ scheme that is ‘a priori’ deemed sufficient to explain reality, while the latter are based on the irreducible singularity of each case and propose constantly evolving explanatory schemas.

Suggested Citation

  • Olivier Crevoisier, 1999. "Two ways to look at learning regions in the context of globalization: The homogenizing and particularizing approaches," GRET Publications and Working Papers 12-99, GRET Group of Research in Territorial Economy, University of Neuchâtel.
  • Handle: RePEc:nct:wpaper:12-99
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    1. André Torre, 2004. "Introduction," Économie rurale, Programme National Persée, vol. 280(1), pages 2-7.
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    Cited by:

    1. José Corpataux & Olivier Crevoisier, 2007. "Economic theories and spatial transformations clarifying the space-time premises and outcomes of economic theories," Journal of Economic Geography, Oxford University Press, vol. 7(3), pages 285-309, May.
    2. Thierry Theurillat & Jose Corpataux & Olivier Crevoisier, 2006. "The Financialization of the Property Sector: the Case of the Swiss Pension Trusts (1994-2005)," ERSA conference papers ersa06p118, European Regional Science Association.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    flexible specialization; epistemology; globalization; innovative milieu; learning region;

    JEL classification:

    • G34 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Mergers; Acquisitions; Restructuring; Corporate Governance
    • L22 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - Firm Organization and Market Structure
    • O16 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Financial Markets; Saving and Capital Investment; Corporate Finance and Governance
    • R12 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional Economic Activity; Interregional Trade (economic geography)

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