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Popular Attitudes towards Markets and Democracy: Russia and United States Compared 25 Years Later

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  • Maxim Boycko
  • Robert J. Shiller

Abstract

We repeat a survey we did in the waning days of the Soviet Union (Shiller, Boycko and Korobov, AER 1991) comparing attitudes towards free markets between Moscow and New York. Additional survey questions, from Gibson Duch and Tedin (J. Politics 1992) are added to compare attitudes towards democracy. Two comparisons are made: between countries, and through time, to explore the existence of international differences in allegiance to democratic free-market institutions, and the stability of these differences. While we find some differences in attitudes towards markets across countries and through time, we do not find most of the differences large or significant. Our evidence does not support a common view that the Russian personality is fundamentally illiberal or non-democratic.

Suggested Citation

  • Maxim Boycko & Robert J. Shiller, 2016. "Popular Attitudes towards Markets and Democracy: Russia and United States Compared 25 Years Later," NBER Working Papers 22027, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  • Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:22027
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    1. Shiller, Robert J & Boycko, Maxim & Korobov, Vladimir, 1991. "Popular Attitudes toward Free Markets: The Soviet Union and the United States Compared," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 81(3), pages 385-400, June.
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    Cited by:

    1. Brigitte Granville & Jaume Martorell Cruz, 2016. "Squared Segmentation: How the Insider/Outsider divide across Public/Private Employment shapes attitudes towards markets," Working Papers 78, Queen Mary, University of London, School of Business and Management, Centre for Globalisation Research.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • O57 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Comparative Studies of Countries
    • P10 - Economic Systems - - Capitalist Systems - - - General

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