Utilitarianism with Prior Heterogeneity
Harsanyi's axiomatic justification of utilitarianism is extended to a framework with subjective and heterogenous priors. Contrary to the existing literature on aggregation of preferences under uncertainty, society is here allowed to formulate probability judgements, not on the actual state of the world as individuals do, but rather on the opinion they each have on the actual state. An extended Pareto condition is then proposed that characterizes the social utility function as a convex combination of individual ones and the social prior as the independent product of individual ones.
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- Al-Najjar, Nabil I. & Weinstein, Jonathan, 2009. "The Ambiguity Aversion Literature: A Critical Assessment," Economics and Philosophy, Cambridge University Press, vol. 25(03), pages 249-284, November.
- Mongin, Philippe & Pivato, Marcus, 2012.
"Ranking Multidimensional Alternatives and Uncertain Prospects,"
42515, University Library of Munich, Germany.
- Marcus Pivato & Philippe Mongin, 2014. "Ranking Multidimensional Alternatives and Uncertain Prospects," THEMA Working Papers 2014-15, THEMA (THéorie Economique, Modélisation et Applications), Université de Cergy-Pontoise.
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