IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/p/mop/credwp/97.02.06.html
   My bibliography  Save this paper

Répartitions modales urbaines, externalités et instauration de péages : le cas des externalités de congestion et des externalités modales croisées

Author

Listed:
  • Mirabel François

Abstract

[fre] Répartitions modales urbaines, externalités et instauration de péages. Le cas des externalités de congestion et des « externalités modales croisées ». . Cet article se propose d'analyser les répartitions des usagers entre l'automobile et les bus dans le cadre des déplacements urbains domicile-travail. Dans ce contexte, l'objectif de cet article est de mettre en lumière deux types d'externalités générées par les automobilistes : une externalité « classique » de congestion qui résulte des pertes de temps que chaque individu impose aux autres automobilistes ; une externalité « modale croisée » que les usagers des voitures particulières imposent indirectement aux utilisateurs des transports collectifs du fait de la présence de rendements d'échelle de « densité de trafic » dans le secteur des bus. Nous montrerons alors que la présence de telles externalités doit inciter les autorités à mettre en place un mécanisme de taxes-subventions pour restaurer l'optimum collectif. [eng] Urban modal split, externalities and urban road pricing: the cases of congestion externalities and "cross-modal externalities". . This paper displays a theoretical analysis of the commuters modal split be­tween car and mass transit. In such a case, the aim of the paper is to identify two types of externalities: the congestion externality that each car user inflicts directly on the other car users; the "cross-modal externality" that each car user inflicts indirectly on transit passengers because of the economies of traffic density in the public transport sector. The presence of such externalities might encourage the authorities to introduce taxes and subsidies in order to restore social optimum.
(This abstract was borrowed from another version of this item.)

Suggested Citation

  • Mirabel François, 1997. "Répartitions modales urbaines, externalités et instauration de péages : le cas des externalités de congestion et des externalités modales croisées," Cahiers du CREDEN (CREDEN Working Papers) 97.02.06, CREDEN (Centre de Recherche en Economie et Droit de l'Energie), Faculty of Economics, University of Montpellier 1.
  • Handle: RePEc:mop:credwp:97.02.06
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: http://www.creden.univ-montp1.fr/downloads/cahiers/CC-97-02-06.pdf
    Download Restriction: no

    Other versions of this item:

    Citations

    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.
    as


    Cited by:

    1. David, Quentin & Foucart, Renaud, 2014. "Modal choice and optimal congestion," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 48(C), pages 12-20.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    EXTERNALITIES ; ECONOMIES OF SCALE ; URBAN TOLL ; URBAN TRANSPORTATION;

    JEL classification:

    • Q48 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Government Policy
    • Q41 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Demand and Supply; Prices

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:mop:credwp:97.02.06. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Olivier ROUSSE). General contact details of provider: http://edirc.repec.org/data/crmplfr.html .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.