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Territorial Unbalances in Quality of Life. A focus on Italian Inner and Rural Areas

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  • Paola Bertolini
  • Francesco Pagliacci

Abstract

The Italian National Strategy for Inner Areas explicitly draws policymakers? attention to inner municipalities. It stresses the importance of improving socio-economic conditions of people as the only way to reverse negative demographic trends in those areas. To this respect, improving quality of life (QoL) represents one of the key drivers. Given such an important policy implication, this work provides a statistical tool to measure existing gaps in QoL levels across Italian NUTS 3 regions, by explicitly disentangling urban and inner areas. Nevertheless, QoL is a multidimensional concept, thus a composite indicator is computed following a non-compensatory approach: the QoL Mazziotta-Pareto Index. Firstly, we consider the variability of the comprehensive indicator across Italy, with respect to the presence of inner areas. As a major result, this analysis seems breaking down the supposed negative relationship between QoL and presence of inner areas, which the paper proves to be mostly overlapping with rural ones, when controlling for sub-national structural divides occurring throughout Italy. Secondly, spatial aspects make the picture even more complex. Even the neighbouring space is expected to affect QoL at local level. In particular, by means of both global and local indicators of spatial autocorrelation, groups of NUTS 3 regions sharing similar QoL levels with their neighbours are detected. From a policy perspective, such a locked-in path among neighbouring regions can influence the effectiveness of place-based policies.

Suggested Citation

  • Paola Bertolini & Francesco Pagliacci, 2016. "Territorial Unbalances in Quality of Life. A focus on Italian Inner and Rural Areas," Center for the Analysis of Public Policies (CAPP) 0140, Universita di Modena e Reggio Emilia, Dipartimento di Economia "Marco Biagi".
  • Handle: RePEc:mod:cappmo:0140
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Mark Shucksmith & Stuart Cameron & Tanya Merridew & Florian Pichler, 2009. "Urban--Rural Differences in Quality of Life across the European Union," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 43(10), pages 1275-1289, December.
    2. Cagliero, Roberto & Cristiano, Simona & Pierangeli, Fabio & Tarangioli, Serena, 2011. "Evaluating the Improvement of Quality of Life in Rural Areas," 122nd Seminar, February 17-18, 2011, Ancona, Italy 99427, European Association of Agricultural Economists.
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    4. D. Shin & D. Johnson, 1978. "Avowed happiness as an overall assessment of the quality of life," Social Indicators Research: An International and Interdisciplinary Journal for Quality-of-Life Measurement, Springer, vol. 5(1), pages 475-492, March.
    5. Esposti, R. & Pagliacci, F. & Sotte, F. & Camaioni, Beatrice & Lobianco, A., 2013. "How rural the EU RDP is? An analysis through spatial funds allocation," 2013 Second Congress, June 6-7, 2013, Parma, Italy 149900, Italian Association of Agricultural and Applied Economics (AIEAA).
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    Cited by:

    1. Francesco pagliacci & Margherita Russo, 2017. "Earthquake hazard in Italy Cluster analysis of socio-economic data to inform place-based policy measures," Center for the Analysis of Public Policies (CAPP) 0151, Universita di Modena e Reggio Emilia, Dipartimento di Economia "Marco Biagi".
    2. Francesco pagliacci & Margherita Russo, 2017. "Earthquake hazard in Italy Cluster analysis of socio-economic data to inform place-based policy measures," Department of Economics 0110, University of Modena and Reggio E., Faculty of Economics "Marco Biagi".

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    inner areas; rural areas; quality of life; spatial effects;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • O18 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Urban, Rural, Regional, and Transportation Analysis; Housing; Infrastructure
    • R00 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General - - - General
    • R10 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - General
    • R11 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Regional Economic Activity: Growth, Development, Environmental Issues, and Changes

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