Ownership principles for distributed database design
This research addresses the issues of database ownership and incentives and their impact on information sharing and system performance. Existing research has identified the benefits of centralized control and has formalized the importance of a vested authority setting standards, working towards user transparency, and reducing organization wide data inconsistencies. In practice, however, many centralization and standardization efforts have failed, typically because departments lacked incentives or needed greater local autonomy. Unfortunately, motivational factors have typically eluded formal characterization. Using an "incomplete contracts" approach from economics, it is possible to model the costs and benefits of decentralization, including critical intangible factors. This paper presents normative principles of database decentralization; it derives formulas that give the principles a theoretical underpinning; and it illustrates the application of each principle in actual practice.
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|Date of creation:||29 Apr 2003|
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Working Paper Series
126, MIT Center for Coordination Science.
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3448675, Harvard University Department of Economics.
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CEPR Discussion Papers
70, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
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- Oliver Hart & Sanford Grossman, 1985. "The Costs and Benefits of Ownership: A Theory of Vertical and Lateral Integration," Working papers 372, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Department of Economics.
- Grossman, Sanford J. & Hart, Oliver D., 1986. "The Costs and Benefits of Ownership: A Theory of Vertical and Lateral Integration," Scholarly Articles 3450060, Harvard University Department of Economics.
- Siegel, Michael D. & Madnick, Stuart E., 1991. "Context interchange : sharing the meaning of data," Working papers 3356-91. CIS (Series) (Sl, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Sloan School of Management.
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