IDEAS home Printed from
MyIDEAS: Login to save this paper or follow this series

Produtividade, Competitividade e Quotas de Exportação

  • Jorge Santos


    (Instituto Superior de Economia e Gestão, Universidade Técnica de Lisboa)

Registered author(s):

    In order to test the idea that the deterioration of the Portuguese export shares in the period 1995-2004 was due to the unfavourable evolution of the unit labour costs (ULC), the import structure of Germany, Spain, France and the United Kingdom (representing about 70% of the Portuguese exports) was studied in that period, and detected the main Portugal competitor countries.The test that the export shares depend on the evolution of the unit labour costs was done through panel regressions (using two methodologies) for each one of these big import countries, and considering data for the “Total Economy”, the “Manufacturing Industry” and the “Textiles and Clothing” sector. The estimation of a single and common coefficient including the nine main Portugal competitor countries led to the conclusion that at the “Total Economy” or “Manufacturing Industry” levels, no statistically significant negative effect of the ULC on the export shares was detected, but that the same could not be said at the sector level, as was seen in the “Textiles and Clothing” sector. When that coefficient was discriminated for Portugal (by computing the difference between the rate of growth of its ULC and the average rate of growth of the competitor countries ULC ) it was evident the importance of the relative evolution of the nominal ULC on the export shares, both at the “Total Economy” and “Manufacturing Industry” levels. These results should be taken with care given the relatively small number of observations, the frequent revisions of data and some compatibility problems between the ULC and foreign trade data. Given that the evolution of the unit labour costs (nominal and real) depends on the evolution of the labour compensation and labour productivity, this paper also presents a relatively detailed study of those variables for the “Total Economy”, “Manufacturing Industry” and for fourteen of its sectors, in Portugal and in some of its competitors.

    If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.

    File URL:
    File Function: First version, 2007
    Download Restriction: no

    Paper provided by Gabinete de Estratégia e Estudos, Ministério da Economia e da Inovação in its series GEE Papers with number 0005.

    in new window

    Length: 22 pages
    Date of creation: Dec 2007
    Date of revision: Dec 2007
    Handle: RePEc:mde:wpaper:0005
    Contact details of provider: Postal: Avenida da República no 79, 1050-243 Lisboa
    Phone: 21 799 81 50
    Fax: 21 799 81 54
    Web page:

    More information through EDIRC

    No references listed on IDEAS
    You can help add them by filling out this form.

    This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

    When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:mde:wpaper:0005. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Ricardo Pinheiro Alves)

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

    If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    This information is provided to you by IDEAS at the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis using RePEc data.