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Understanding the Relationship between Income Status and the Restrictions in Instrumental Activities of Daily Living among Disabled Older Adults


  • Parminder Raina
  • Micheline Wong


The purpose of this study was to examine the restrictions in instrumental activities of daily living (IADL) among older disabled Canadian adults according to their income status, as well as describe the relationships between income, severity of disability and functional independence. Disabled individuals aged 55 years and older were identified from the 1986 and 1991 Health and Activity Limitation Surveys. The overall unweighted sample size for each survey was 132,337 in 1986 and 91,355 in 1991. Between 10.3% (men aged 65 years and older in 1986) and 23.2% (women aged 65 years and older in 1991) were classified as having low income. In both survey years and in both age groups, more females were categorized as low income compared with males. Low income respondents aged 55-64 years old were also generally less likely to be categorized as mildly disabled and more likely to be categorized as severely disabled compared with those classified as having a high income (p’s

Suggested Citation

  • Parminder Raina & Micheline Wong, 2002. "Understanding the Relationship between Income Status and the Restrictions in Instrumental Activities of Daily Living among Disabled Older Adults," Social and Economic Dimensions of an Aging Population Research Papers 83, McMaster University.
  • Handle: RePEc:mcm:sedapp:83

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    income; elderly; disabled;

    JEL classification:

    • I12 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Health Behavior
    • J14 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of the Elderly; Economics of the Handicapped; Non-Labor Market Discrimination

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