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Disability Related Sources of Income and Expenses: An Examination Among the Elderly in Canada

Author

Listed:
  • Parminder Raina
  • Steven Dukeshire
  • Margaret Denton
  • Larry W. Chambers
  • Andria Scanlan
  • Amiram Gafni
  • Susan French
  • Anju Joshi
  • Carolyn Rosenthal

Abstract

The primary purpose of this paper is to examine disability-related sources of income and expenses among high and low income older Canadians. Specifically, the paper attempts to answer three questions: Do low and high income seniors experience disability equally? Do low and high income seniors incur equal disability- related non-reimbursed expenses? And, Do low and high income seniors receive equal disability-related pensions and tax credits? The analysis is based on the Health and Activity Limitation Surveys of 1986 and 1991. Both surveys were cross-sectional, designed to gather information on disabilities and their impact on daily living. Among the seniors (those 65 and over), between 10.3% (men in 1986) and 23.2% (women in 1991) were classified as low income and about 40% reporting having at least one disability, compared to one-quarter of women and men of all ages. The analysis indicates that low income seniors are disadvantaged in that they experience more disability, incur more non-reimbursed expenses, and receive less in terms of disability- related pensions and credits than do high income seniors. It thus appears that interventions should be policy based rather than individual based.

Suggested Citation

  • Parminder Raina & Steven Dukeshire & Margaret Denton & Larry W. Chambers & Andria Scanlan & Amiram Gafni & Susan French & Anju Joshi & Carolyn Rosenthal, 1999. "Disability Related Sources of Income and Expenses: An Examination Among the Elderly in Canada," Social and Economic Dimensions of an Aging Population Research Papers 8, McMaster University.
  • Handle: RePEc:mcm:sedapp:8
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    File URL: http://socserv.mcmaster.ca/sedap/p/sedap8.PDF
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    1. repec:aph:ajpbhl:1989:79:6:703-708_0 is not listed on IDEAS
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    elderly; disability; income;

    JEL classification:

    • I12 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Health Behavior
    • J14 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of the Elderly; Economics of the Handicapped; Non-Labor Market Discrimination

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