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Diverse Degrees of Competition within the EMU and their Implications for Monetary Policy

Author

Listed:
  • Patrick Brämer

    () (Faculty of Economics and Management, Otto-von-Guericke University Magdeburg)

  • Horst Gischer

    () (Faculty of Economics and Management, Otto-von-Guericke University Magdeburg)

  • Toni Richter

    () (Faculty of Economics and Management, Otto-von-Guericke University Magdeburg)

  • Mirko Weiß

    () (German Savings Banks Association)

Abstract

Our paper calls attention to the heterogeneous levels of competition in EMU banking systems. We enhanced the ECB MFI interest rate statistics by calculating a lending rate average weighted by loan volumes for each EMU member country. Employing a modified Lerner Index, our unique data set enables us to calculate banks' price setting power in the national lending business alone, instead of measuring market power for banks' total business. For 12 countries, we ultimately show that market power in the exclusive segment of lending is greater than market power in total banking business. In an OLS regression model, we investigate to what extent loan rate variations can be explained by changing degrees of market power during the period 2003-2009. Significant cross-country differences can be observed. We find that changes in the national degree of competition considerably affect funding conditions in the individual countries and therefore hinder a homogeneous transmission of ECB monetary policy.

Suggested Citation

  • Patrick Brämer & Horst Gischer & Toni Richter & Mirko Weiß, 2012. "Diverse Degrees of Competition within the EMU and their Implications for Monetary Policy," FEMM Working Papers 120010, Otto-von-Guericke University Magdeburg, Faculty of Economics and Management.
  • Handle: RePEc:mag:wpaper:120010
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    banking competition; European Monetary Union; Lerner Index; monetary policy;

    JEL classification:

    • E43 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Interest Rates: Determination, Term Structure, and Effects
    • E52 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Monetary Policy
    • E58 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Central Banks and Their Policies
    • L16 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - Industrial Organization and Macroeconomics; Macroeconomic Industrial Structure

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