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Female Labour Migration in India : Insights From NSSO Data

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  • K.Shanthi

    (ICSSR Senior Research Visiting Fellow, Madras School of Economics)

Abstract

The objective of this working paper is to examine the extent of employment oriented migration of females in India and the inter –state variations in its magnitude using NSSO 55th Round Household level data on Migration . It is found that though the percentage is very small for ‘employment oriented migration’ an analysis of work force participation of female migrants in the age group 15-60 , irrespective of the reasons for migration reveals that in the post migration period work participation of these migrants increases steeply in all the states. Though marriage is identified as the reason for migration they work prior to and after migration which is not brought to limelight. In the recent past ‘independent migration’ of females is on the increase in response to the employment opportunities in export industries, electronic assembling and garment units. The extent of this independent migration is arrived at indirectly using proxy variables such as the ‘never married’ category among the migrants and those who identified themselves as ‘heads’. In all the states in South India this percentage is high .In the north at the disaggregated level the percentage of ‘never married’ and “heads” is high in rural urban and urban –urban migration . The issues and challenges to be faced are highlighted and this paper concludes that gender dimensions should adequately be captured in the official data system for purposes of effective policy interventions.

Suggested Citation

  • K.Shanthi, 2006. "Female Labour Migration in India : Insights From NSSO Data," Working Papers 2006-04, Madras School of Economics,Chennai,India.
  • Handle: RePEc:mad:wpaper:2006-04
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    Cited by:

    1. Rajarshi Majumder & Farhat Naaz, 2016. "Workers on the move: Migrated labour in India in early 21st century," The Indian Journal of Labour Economics, Springer;The Indian Society of Labour Economics (ISLE), vol. 59(3), pages 419-440, September.
    2. M. Imran Khan, 2016. "Migrant and non-migrant wage differentials: a quintile decomposition analysis for India," The Indian Journal of Labour Economics, Springer;The Indian Society of Labour Economics (ISLE), vol. 59(2), pages 245-273, June.
    3. Ghani,Syed Ejaz & Grover,Arti & Kerr,Sari & Kerr,William Robert, 2016. "Will market competition trump gender discrimination in India ?," Policy Research Working Paper Series 7814, The World Bank.
    4. Arjan Haan, 2020. "Labour Migrants During the Pandemic: A Comparative Perspective," The Indian Journal of Labour Economics, Springer;The Indian Society of Labour Economics (ISLE), vol. 63(4), pages 885-900, December.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Labour; Migration; NSSO;
    All these keywords.

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