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Protection des habitats d'espèces menacées en terres privées: analyse d'instruments et de la politique canadienne


  • Barla, Philippe
  • Doucet, Joseph A.
  • Saphores, Jean-Daniel M.



The preservation of biodiversity requires the protection of endangered species' habitats. In Canada, approximately 60% of these habitats are located on private lands. We start by analysing the obstacles to the protection of endangered species' habitats, with special attention to the compensation of private property owners affected by conservation efforts. After briefly reviewing the main measures adopted in Canada to protect natural habitats on private lands, we propose some conservation mechanisms that would not excessively burden public budgets. These measures should be discussed in the next proposal for a Canadian endangered species act. La préservation de la biodiversité nécessite la protection des habitats des espèces menacées. Au Canada, environ 60% de ces habitats sont situés sur des terres privées. Nous examinons la problématique de protection de ces habitats et notamment la question de la compensation des propriétaires privés. Nous analysons ensuite les principales mesures utilisées au Canada pour préserver les habitats naturels, et nous proposons des mécanismes de protection qui permettraient de dédommager les propriétaires terriens affectés tout en limitant les dépenses publiques. Ces mécanismes devraient être discutés lors de la prochaine proposition de loi sur la protection des espèces menacées au Canada.

Suggested Citation

  • Barla, Philippe & Doucet, Joseph A. & Saphores, Jean-Daniel M., 1999. "Protection des habitats d'espèces menacées en terres privées: analyse d'instruments et de la politique canadienne," Cahiers de recherche 9904, Université Laval - Département d'économique.
  • Handle: RePEc:lvl:laeccr:9904

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Richard Schwindt & Steven Globerman, 1996. "Takings of Private Rights to Public Natural Resources: A Policy Analysis," Canadian Public Policy, University of Toronto Press, vol. 22(3), pages 205-224, September.
    2. Vatn Arild & Bromley Daniel W., 1994. "Choices without Prices without Apologies," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 26(2), pages 129-148, March.
    3. Stephen Polasky & Holly Doremus & Bruce Rettig, 1997. "Endangered Species Conservation On Private Land," Contemporary Economic Policy, Western Economic Association International, vol. 15(4), pages 66-76, October.
    4. Lawrence Blume & Daniel L. Rubinfeld & Perry Shapiro, 1984. "The Taking of Land: When Should Compensation Be Paid?," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 99(1), pages 71-92.
    5. Mills, David E., 1980. "Transferable development rights markets," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 7(1), pages 63-74, January.
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    More about this item


    Biodiversité; habitats fauniques; instruments économiques;

    JEL classification:

    • Q24 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation - - - Land
    • R52 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Regional Government Analysis - - - Land Use and Other Regulations

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