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Local Interactions and the Global City Metropolization in Warsaw



    (LATEC - CNRS UMR 5118 - MSH - Université de Bourgogne)

  • Jean-Marie HURIOT


    (LATEC - CNRS UMR 5118 - MSH - Université de Bourgogne)

A number of the world's large cities are taking on increasing economic importance in the international arenas because they concentrate high-order activities This metropolization process is a result of the changes occurring in the emerging post-industrial economy, i.e. the rise of services and information. It is based on the combination of proximity interactions and global interactions and it is characterized both by a specific internal spatial pattern and by a large outside area of influence. Since the transition period, services, and particularly high-order services, have grown more rapidly in Poland than in EU countries, as if a catching-up process has been underway. A large part of these services are located in downtown Warsaw, in the district of Sródmiescie, as was shown in a previous paper by Bourdeau-Lepage. Combining several Polish data sources, mainly on the geography of employment by sectors, on the location of firms, and on the development of specialized high-order services, we propose to analyze in detail the concentration of metropolitan functions in Warsaw and to determine whether or not a process of metropolization is emerging in the city. Starting from the idea that the internal organization of high-order functions in a metropolis is closely connected to its international attractiveness, we compare the " internal metropolization " of Warsaw with its " external metropolization " i.e. its effective world position, evaluated essentially by its position in the transport networks and by its attractiveness in terms of investment and of cultural activities. The results indicate an effective internal metropolization and a narrowing gap between internal and external metropolization. / Le rôle économique international d'un certain nombre de grandes villes s'accroît au fur et à mesure qu'elles concentrent des activités supérieures. Ce processus de métropolisation est la conséquence de l'évolution vers l'économie post-industrielle marquée par le développement des services et de l'information. Il résulte de la combinaison d'interactions de proximité et d'interactions globales et il se manifeste par une configuration spatiale interne particulière et par une aire d'influence très étendue. Depuis la période de transition, la Pologne a connu une croissance des services, et plus particulièrement des services supérieurs, plus rapide que les pays de l'UE, comme par un effet de rattrapage. Une part importante de ces services est localisée dans l'hyper-centre de Varsovie, à Sródmiescie, comme l'a montré Bourdeau-Lepage dans un précédent papier. A partir de plusieurs sources de données polonaises, principalement sur la géographie de l'emploi par secteur, sur la localisation des firmes et sur le développement des services supérieurs spécialisés, nous proposons d'analyser de façon détaillée la concentration des fonctions métropolitaines à Varsovie et de déterminer l'éventuelle émergence d'un processus de métropolisation. Sur la base de l'idée que l'organisation interne des fonctions supérieures dans une métropole est étroitement liée à son attractivité mondiale, nous comparons la "métropolisation interne" de Varsovie avec sa "métropolisation externe", c'est-à-dire son statut international évalué par sa situation dans les réseaux de transport et par son attractivité en termes d'investissements et d'activités culturelles. Les résultats montrent la réalisation d'une véritable métropolisation interne et un retard de la métropolisation externe qui va en diminuant.

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Paper provided by LATEC, Laboratoire d'Analyse et des Techniques EConomiques, CNRS UMR 5118, Université de Bourgogne in its series LATEC - Document de travail - Economie (1991-2003) with number 2002-03.

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Length: 19 pages
Date of creation: Jun 2002
Handle: RePEc:lat:lateco:2002-03
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