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Interaction of powers in the Philippine presidential system


  • Kawanaka, Takeshi


The executive - legislative relations in the Philippines have been described in twocontrasting stories, namely the "strong president" story, and the "strong congress"story. This paper tries to consolidate the existing arguments and propose a newperspective focusing on the "compromise exchange" between the president and thecongress across the different policy areas. It considers that the policy outcome is notbrought by unilateral power of the president or the congress, but formed as theproduct of such an exchange. Interaction of powers and their complementaryfunction are addressed. Furthermore, aside from the constitutional power, the weakparty discipline is pointed out as a key factor in making the exchange possible.

Suggested Citation

  • Kawanaka, Takeshi, 2010. "Interaction of powers in the Philippine presidential system," IDE Discussion Papers 233, Institute of Developing Economies, Japan External Trade Organization(JETRO).
  • Handle: RePEc:jet:dpaper:dpaper233

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    Cited by:

    1. Escresa Laarni & Garoupa Nuno, 2012. "Judicial Politics in Unstable Democracies: The Case of the Philippine Supreme Court, An Empirical Analysis 1986-2010," Asian Journal of Law and Economics, De Gruyter, vol. 3(1), pages 1-39, April.
    2. Matsuda, Yasuhiko, 2011. "Ripe for a big bang ? assessing the political feasibility of legislative reforms in the Philippines'local government code," Policy Research Working Paper Series 5792, The World Bank.

    More about this item


    Internal politics; Executive-legislative relations; Presidency; Policy process; Democracy; Philippines;

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