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Level-Scheduling bei Variantenfließfertigung: Klassifikation, Literaturüberblick und Modellkritik

Listed author(s):
  • Nils Boysen


    (University of Hamburg, Institute for Industrial Management)

  • Malte Fliedner


    (University of Hamburg, Institute for Industrial Management)

  • Armin Scholl


    (University of Jena, Faculty of Economics)

Viele Hersteller von Verbrauchsgütern sehen sich heutzutage einer enormen Variantenvielfalt gegenüber, die sie auf ihren Fließsystemen produzieren müssen. So bietet etwa BMW seine Automobile in 1032 theoretisch möglichen Varianten an. Um nicht die marktseitigen Vorteile dieser Variantenvielfalt durch ineffiziente Produktionsabläufe aufzuzehren, muss die Produktionsplanung diesem Phänomen angemessen Rechnung tragen. Ein wichtiges Aufgabengebiet ist in diesem Zusammenhang die Reihenfolgeplanung, die über die Fertigungsfolge der Varianten auf einem Fließsystem entscheidet. Im Zuge des "Toyota Production System" hat sich dazu das sog. Level-Scheduling etabliert, welches darauf zielt, den durch die Fertigungsfolge der Varianten induzierten Materialbedarf möglichst gleichmäßig auf den Planungshorizont zu verteilen, um so eine Just-in-Time-Versorgung der Linie ohne größere Lagerbestände zu ermöglichen. Dieser Aufsatz referiert und klassifiziert die zahlreichen Veröffentlichungen zum Level-Scheduling und will vor allem deren Eignung für den Praxiseinsatz kritisch hinterfragen. English Summary: Manufacturers of consumer goods nowadays have to cope with an enormous product variety, which is to be produced on their assembly systems. Car manufacturer BMW for example, offers its automobiles in 1032 theoretically possible variations. A sophisticated production planning is essential, so that the market benefits of a diversified product portfolio are not spoiled by inefficient production processes. A critical issue in this context is the short-term sequencing, determining the order in which models are processed on the assembly system. As part of the "Toyota Production System" the so called level-scheduling has established, which aims at evenly smoothing the material requirements induced by the production sequence over time, so that a just-in-time supply of material is enabled and inventories are minimized. This paper provides a systematic overview on the wide range of publications on level scheduling and controversially discusses its appropriateness for practical applications.

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Paper provided by Friedrich-Schiller-Universität Jena, Wirtschaftswissenschaftliche Fakultät in its series Jenaer Schriften zur Wirtschaftswissenschaft with number 26/2006.

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Date of creation: 02 Oct 2006
Publication status: Published in: Journal für Betriebswirtschaft 57/1, 37-66
Handle: RePEc:jen:jenasw:2006-26
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  1. Scholl, Armin & Klein, & Domschke, Wolfgang, 1998. "Pattern based vocabulary building for effectively sequencing mixed model assembly lines," Publications of Darmstadt Technical University, Institute for Business Studies (BWL) 9365, Darmstadt Technical University, Department of Business Administration, Economics and Law, Institute for Business Studies (BWL).
  2. George Steiner & Scott Yeomans, 1993. "Level Schedules for Mixed-Model, Just-in-Time Processes," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 39(6), pages 728-735, June.
  3. Boysen, Nils & Fliedner, Malte & Scholl, Armin, 2007. "A classification of assembly line balancing problems," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 183(2), pages 674-693, December.
  4. Tamura, Takayoshi & Long, Hong & Ohno, Katsuhisa, 1999. "A sequencing problem to level part usage rates and work loads for a mixed-model assembly line with a bypass subline," International Journal of Production Economics, Elsevier, vol. 60(1), pages 557-564, April.
  5. Ng, W. C. & Mak, K. L., 1994. "A branch and bound algorithm for scheduling just-in-time mixed-model assembly lines," International Journal of Production Economics, Elsevier, vol. 33(1-3), pages 169-183, January.
  6. Domschke, Wolfgang & Scholl, Armin & Voß, S., 1997. "Produktionsplanung: ablauforganisatorische Aspekte. 2. Aufl," Publications of Darmstadt Technical University, Institute for Business Studies (BWL) 619, Darmstadt Technical University, Department of Business Administration, Economics and Law, Institute for Business Studies (BWL).
  7. John Miltenburg, 1989. "Level Schedules for Mixed-Model Assembly Lines in Just-In-Time Production Systems," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 35(2), pages 192-207, February.
  8. Korkmazel, Tugrul & Meral, Sedef, 2001. "Bicriteria sequencing methods for the mixed-model assembly line in just-in-time production systems," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 131(1), pages 188-207, May.
  9. Bautista, J. & Companys, R. & Corominas, A., 1996. "Heuristics and exact algorithms for solving the Monden problem," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 88(1), pages 101-113, January.
  10. Brucker, Peter & Drexl, Andreas & Mohring, Rolf & Neumann, Klaus & Pesch, Erwin, 1999. "Resource-constrained project scheduling: Notation, classification, models, and methods," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 112(1), pages 3-41, January.
  11. Li-Hui Tsai, 1995. "Mixed-Model Sequencing to Minimize Utility Work and the Risk of Conveyor Stoppage," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 41(3), pages 485-495, March.
  12. Andreas Drexl & Alf Kimms, 2001. "Sequencing JIT Mixed-Model Assembly Lines Under Station-Load and Part-Usage Constraints," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 47(3), pages 480-491, March.
  13. Kubiak, Wieslaw, 1993. "Minimizing variation of production rates in just-in-time systems: A survey," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 66(3), pages 259-271, May.
  14. Nils Boysen & Malte Fliedner & Armin Scholl, 2006. "Produktionsplanung bei Variantenfließfertigung: Planungshierarchie und Hierarchische Planung," Jenaer Schriften zur Wirtschaftswissenschaft 22/2006, Friedrich-Schiller-Universität Jena, Wirtschaftswissenschaftliche Fakultät.
  15. Mansouri, S. Afshin, 2005. "A Multi-Objective Genetic Algorithm for mixed-model sequencing on JIT assembly lines," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 167(3), pages 696-716, December.
  16. Meyr, H., 2004. "Supply chain planning in the German automotive industry," Publications of Darmstadt Technical University, Institute for Business Studies (BWL) 36062, Darmstadt Technical University, Department of Business Administration, Economics and Law, Institute for Business Studies (BWL).
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