Knowledge and Creative Destruction over the Industry Life Cycle - The Case of the German Automobile Industry
This paper investigates how the survival of firms over the industry life cycle is affected by different kinds of knowledge, namely post-entry experience, pre-entry experience, and knowledge acquired by innovative activity. Therefore, a statistical survival analysis is performed for the German automobile industry over the period 1886- 1939 which applies a new approach that links instrumental variable estimation with the Cox regression. The main results are that all three knowledge components exert a significantly positive effect on the survival of firms. Furthermore, innovative activity is able to compensate for lacking pre-entry or post-entry experience, completely in accord with Schumpeterian creative destruction.
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