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Die Beseitigung von Arbeitszeithürden als Beitrag zur Lösung des Fachkräftemangels

Author

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  • Schneider, Hilmar

    () (IZA)

Abstract

Die Stellschraube Arbeitszeit ist der in der Fachdebatte am stärksten unterschätzte Ansatzpunkt, um den absehbaren Konsequenzen der demographischen Herausforderungen begegnen zu können. Würden alle Erwerbstätigen im statistischen Durchschnitt Vollzeit arbeiten, was in etwa der heutigen Situation in Japan und den USA entspräche, könnte der bevorstehende dramatische Rückgang der Erwerbsbevölkerung in Deutschland zumindest rechnerisch mehr als ausgeglichen werden. Dass ein erheblicher Teil der Deutschen lediglich in Teilzeit arbeitet, liegt weder an fehlenden Gelegenheiten zur Vollzeittätigkeit noch an der viel beschworenen angeblichen Freizeitpräferenz der Deutschen. Es liegt schlichtweg daran, dass sich die Ausübung einer Vollzeittätigkeit aufgrund staatlich verordneter Fehlanreize für viele nicht lohnt. Zur Liste der zu beseitigenden Vollzeithürden gehören unter anderem das Minijob-Privileg, das Ehegattensplitting, sowie die Hinzuverdienstregelungen in der Grundsicherung und für Frührentner.

Suggested Citation

  • Schneider, Hilmar, 2012. "Die Beseitigung von Arbeitszeithürden als Beitrag zur Lösung des Fachkräftemangels," IZA Standpunkte 50, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  • Handle: RePEc:iza:izasps:sp50
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    Cited by:

    1. Lukas Reiss, 2013. "Structural Budget Balances: Calculation, Problems and Benefits," Monetary Policy & the Economy, Oesterreichische Nationalbank (Austrian Central Bank), issue 1, pages 12-28.
    2. Zimmermann, Klaus F., 2013. "Reflexionen zur Zukunft der Arbeit," IZA Standpunkte 56, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Ehegattensplitting; Minijobs; Frühverrentung; Kündigungsschutz; Arbeitszeit; Grundsicherung; Demographischer Wandel; Bevölkerungsrückgang;

    JEL classification:

    • D13 - Microeconomics - - Household Behavior - - - Household Production and Intrahouse Allocation
    • H20 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - General
    • H75 - Public Economics - - State and Local Government; Intergovernmental Relations - - - State and Local Government: Health, Education, and Welfare
    • I38 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Government Programs; Provision and Effects of Welfare Programs
    • J22 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Time Allocation and Labor Supply
    • K31 - Law and Economics - - Other Substantive Areas of Law - - - Labor Law

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