Structural Budget Balances: Calculation, Problems and Benefits
The reform of the Stability and Growth Pact and the incorporation of “debt brake” rules into national legislation have heavily increased the importance of structural balances in economic policymaking in Europe. As defined by the European Commission, structural balances are calculated by subtracting the estimated cyclical component of government revenue and spending as well as certain temporary factors from the headline balance. Structural balance estimates can be subject to significant measurement errors, which are mainly related to uncertainties about potential output and nonlinear reactions of tax revenue to sharp changes in GDP growth. The definition of temporary factors can also cause substantial problems. While these problems do not render structural balances useless for the implementation of fiscal policy, they imply that policymakers should not aim to reach the target values for the structural balance exactly a specified each year, but rather on average over much longer time periods (unless exceptionality clauses apply). Achieving the targets on average can be ensured by using appropriately specified control accounts.
Volume (Year): (2013)
Issue (Month): 1 ()
|Contact details of provider:|| Postal: P.O. Box 61, A-1011 Vienna, Austria|
Phone: +43/1/404 20 7405
Fax: +43/1/404 20 7499
Web page: http://www.oenb.at
More information through EDIRC
|Order Information:|| Postal: Oesterreichische Nationalbank, Documentation Management and Communications Services, Otto-Wagner Platz 3, A-1090 Vienna, Austria|
References listed on IDEAS
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
- Schneider, Hilmar, 2012. "Die Beseitigung von Arbeitszeithürden als Beitrag zur Lösung des Fachkräftemangels," IZA Standpunkte 50, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:onb:oenbmp:y:2013:i:1:b:2. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Claudia Kwapil)
If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.
If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.
If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.
Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.