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Sustainable-settlement criteria, eco-cities and prospects in Central and Eastern Europe


  • Tamas Fleischer

    (Institute of World Economics, Centre for Economic and Regional Studies, Hungarian Academy of Sciences)


Eco-city movements constitute a special segment of the sustainable settlement aspirations. Using the classification devised by Mark Roseland, the paper established that the eco-city movement aims at achieving a new, consistent urban solution, while trying also to implement this solution in practice. The movement itself can be traced back to the 1970s in Berkeley, California. Since 1990, a series of international conferences has helped those following this approach to exchange experiences internationally. Eco-city models make efforts to create comprehensive solutions, so that their approach amalgamates the social (community, cultural), economic and ecological dimensions. Implementing solutions in practice requires a manageable, people-centred scale and participants who handle it as their own objective. These conditions make eco-city initiatives territorially limited sustainability experiments.

Suggested Citation

  • Tamas Fleischer, 2004. "Sustainable-settlement criteria, eco-cities and prospects in Central and Eastern Europe," IWE Working Papers 145, Institute for World Economics - Centre for Economic and Regional Studies- Hungarian Academy of Sciences.
  • Handle: RePEc:iwe:workpr:145

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    References listed on IDEAS

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