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Segregación Laboral Y Estructuras Salariales De Nativos E Inmigrantes En España. Un Análisis Con Datos Emparejados Empresa-Trabajador

Author

Listed:
  • Esteban Sanromá

    (Universidad de Barcelona)

  • Hipólito J. Simón

    (Universidad de Alicante)

  • Raúl Ramos

    (Universidad de Barcelona)

Abstract

The paper examines the origin of the differences in the wage distribution between native-born and immigrant workers in the Spanish labour market, paying special attention to the effect of immigrant segregation into low-paying occupations and firms. Our evidence reveals that immigrants from developing countries exhibit lower wages and a more compressed wage structure than native-born workers but that, on the contrary, immigrants from developed countries display a higher average wage and a more dispersed wage structure. Our results suggest that observed characteristics are the main origin of the differences in wage structures between these groups and, in particular, that the different distribution across occupations and firms is a primary source of such disparities. El trabajo examina el origen de las diferencias en las estructuras salariales de la población nativa e inmigrante en el mercado laboral español, prestando especial atención al efecto de la segregación de los inmigrantes por razón de ocupación y establecimiento. Se constata que los inmigrantes procedentes de países en desarrollo presentan un salario promedio inferior y una estructura salarial más comprimida que los nativos pero que, por el contrario, los procedentes de países desarrollados presentan un salario superior y una estructura salarial más dispersa. La evidencia obtenida revela que las discrepancias en las distribuciones salariales de los nativos y de ambos grupos de inmigrantes se explican en gran medida por las diferencias relativas en sus características observadas, destacando en este sentido la influencia de la segregación de los inmigrantes en estructuras laborales, y muy particularmente en ocupaciones, distintas a las de los nativos.Keywords: Auto-Poisson, economic activity localization, EU, GDP spatial distribution, spatial economics, spatial statistics.

Suggested Citation

  • Esteban Sanromá & Hipólito J. Simón & Raúl Ramos, 2007. "Segregación Laboral Y Estructuras Salariales De Nativos E Inmigrantes En España. Un Análisis Con Datos Emparejados Empresa-Trabajador," Working Papers. Serie EC 2007-03, Instituto Valenciano de Investigaciones Económicas, S.A. (Ivie).
  • Handle: RePEc:ivi:wpasec:2007-03
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    File URL: http://www.ivie.es/downloads/docs/wpasec/wpasec-2007-03.pdf
    File Function: Fisrt version / Primera version, 2007
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    Cited by:

    1. Hipólito Simón & Esteban Sanromá & Raúl Ramos, 2008. "Labour segregation and immigrant and native-born wage distributions in Spain: an analysis using matched employer–employee data," Spanish Economic Review, Springer;Spanish Economic Association, vol. 10(2), pages 135-168, June.
    2. Sanromá, Esteban & Ramos, Raul & Simón, Hipólito, 2008. "The Portability of Human Capital and Immigrant Assimilation: Evidence for Spain," IZA Discussion Papers 3649, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Diferencias salariales nativos-inmigrantes; segregación laboral; trabajadores inmigrantes. Native-born immigrant wage gap; segregation; immigration.;

    JEL classification:

    • J15 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Minorities, Races, Indigenous Peoples, and Immigrants; Non-labor Discrimination
    • J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
    • J30 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - General
    • J61 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Geographic Labor Mobility; Immigrant Workers

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