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Segregación Laboral Y Estructuras Salariales De Nativos E Inmigrantes En España. Un Análisis Con Datos Emparejados Empresa-Trabajador

Listed author(s):
  • Esteban Sanromá

    (Universidad de Barcelona)

  • Hipólito J. Simón

    (Universidad de Alicante)

  • Raúl Ramos

    (Universidad de Barcelona)

The paper examines the origin of the differences in the wage distribution between native-born and immigrant workers in the Spanish labour market, paying special attention to the effect of immigrant segregation into low-paying occupations and firms. Our evidence reveals that immigrants from developing countries exhibit lower wages and a more compressed wage structure than native-born workers but that, on the contrary, immigrants from developed countries display a higher average wage and a more dispersed wage structure. Our results suggest that observed characteristics are the main origin of the differences in wage structures between these groups and, in particular, that the different distribution across occupations and firms is a primary source of such disparities. El trabajo examina el origen de las diferencias en las estructuras salariales de la población nativa e inmigrante en el mercado laboral español, prestando especial atención al efecto de la segregación de los inmigrantes por razón de ocupación y establecimiento. Se constata que los inmigrantes procedentes de países en desarrollo presentan un salario promedio inferior y una estructura salarial más comprimida que los nativos pero que, por el contrario, los procedentes de países desarrollados presentan un salario superior y una estructura salarial más dispersa. La evidencia obtenida revela que las discrepancias en las distribuciones salariales de los nativos y de ambos grupos de inmigrantes se explican en gran medida por las diferencias relativas en sus características observadas, destacando en este sentido la influencia de la segregación de los inmigrantes en estructuras laborales, y muy particularmente en ocupaciones, distintas a las de los nativos.Keywords: Auto-Poisson, economic activity localization, EU, GDP spatial distribution, spatial economics, spatial statistics.

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Paper provided by Instituto Valenciano de Investigaciones Económicas, S.A. (Ivie) in its series Working Papers. Serie EC with number 2007-03.

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Length: 42 pages
Date of creation: Apr 2007
Publication status: Published by Ivie
Handle: RePEc:ivi:wpasec:2007-03
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