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An Economic Evaluation of US Biofuel Expansion Using the Biofuel Breakeven Program with GHG Accounting

  • Rosburg, Alicia
  • Miranowski, John

We present results from an application of the Biofuel Breakeven program (BioBreak) to 14 US cellulosic ethanol markets that vary by feedstock and location.� BioBreak estimates the economic costs of cellulosic biofuel production for each market and identifies the necessary conditions to sustain long-run markets.� Based on current market conditions, our results suggest that long-run cellulosic ethanol production is not sustainable without significant government intervention or high long-run oil prices ($135-$170 per barrel).� Using life-cycle analysis for cellulosic ethanol and conventional gasoline, we extend the BioBreak program results to derive an implicit value of reduced greenhouse gas emissions embodied in cellulosic ethanol.� For the markets considered in our analysis, sustaining cellulosic ethanol production is equivalent to valuing the reduction in CO2 equivalents between $141 and $282 per metric ton.

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File URL: http://www.agbioforum.org/v14n3/v14n3a03-rosburg.htm
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Paper provided by Iowa State University, Department of Economics in its series Staff General Research Papers with number 36118.

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Date of creation: 15 Apr 2013
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Publication status: Published in AgBioForum 2011, vol. 14 no. 3, pp. 111-119
Handle: RePEc:isu:genres:36118
Contact details of provider: Postal: Iowa State University, Dept. of Economics, 260 Heady Hall, Ames, IA 50011-1070
Phone: +1 515.294.6741
Fax: +1 515.294.0221
Web page: http://www.econ.iastate.eduEmail:


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