IDEAS home Printed from
MyIDEAS: Log in (now much improved!) to save this paper

General Equilibrium with Trade Balance and Real Interest Rate Parity

Listed author(s):
  • Cremers, Emily
Registered author(s):

    This paper demonstrates, in the context of a two-sector OLG neoclassicalgrowth model, conditions under which international trade in consumptiongoods alone may be sufficient for the equalization of real returns to physicalcapital across countries; that is, under which commodity arbitrage is sufficientfor real interest rate parity (RIRP). This role for repeated commodity arbitrageis established via a dynamic extension of the factor price equalization (FPE)theorem which is valid at all dates comprising the equilibrium path as well asits steady state. The results are at odds with the conventional view regardingRIRP which arises from open one-sector growth models, in which case steadystate trade balance and RIRP are irreconcilable, and are also a contradiction tofrequent assertions of long-run specialization in two-sector frameworks. An equilibriumpath for an integrated world economy yields an endogenous, time-variantcone of diversification which implies sufficient conditions for the dynamic pathsof a cross-section of economies to exhibit FPE, and hence RIRP with trade balance,at all points in time. These conditions require that the savings rates andinitial capital-labor ratios of individual countries do not deviate too significantlyfrom world averages, and that both sectors absorb capital easily. The first of theserequirements is sufficient to establish steady state FPE and RIRP in the generalspecification. The first two requirements are sufficient for the entire equilibriumpath to be characterized by FPE and RIRP in a log-linear example.

    To our knowledge, this item is not available for download. To find whether it is available, there are three options:
    1. Check below under "Related research" whether another version of this item is available online.
    2. Check on the provider's web page whether it is in fact available.
    3. Perform a search for a similarly titled item that would be available.

    Paper provided by Iowa State University, Department of Economics in its series Staff General Research Papers Archive with number 34859.

    in new window

    Date of creation: 27 Jan 2001
    Publication status: Published in Economic Theory 2001, vol. 17 no. 3, pp. 641-663
    Handle: RePEc:isu:genres:34859
    Contact details of provider: Postal:
    Iowa State University, Dept. of Economics, 260 Heady Hall, Ames, IA 50011-1070

    Phone: +1 515.294.6741
    Fax: +1 515.294.0221
    Web page:

    More information through EDIRC

    No references listed on IDEAS
    You can help add them by filling out this form.

    This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

    When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:isu:genres:34859. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Curtis Balmer)

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

    If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    This information is provided to you by IDEAS at the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis using RePEc data.