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Class and Exploitation in General Convex Cone Economies

  • Yoshihara, Naoki

In this paper, we examine what appropriate formulations for labor exploitation are, in order to explain the emergence of class and exploitation status in capitalist economies. Given the well-known controversy on plausible formulations for labor exploitation in joint production economies, we propose an axiom, Axiom for Labor Exploitation (LE), which every formulation of labor exploitation should satisfy to be considered 'Marxian.' Using this axiom, the necessary and sufficient condition for plausible formulations of Marxian exploitation is characterized to verify Class-Exploitation Correspondence Principle (CECP) [Roemer (1982)]. According to this, if some labor exploitation formulations, such as the well-known formulations of Morishima (1974) and Roemer (1982; Chapter 5) are applied, CECP no longer holds in general convex cone economies. Based upon this argument, we propose two new definitions of labor exploitation, each of which verifies CECP as well as Fundamental Marxian Theorem (FMT).

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Paper provided by Institute of Economic Research, Hitotsubashi University in its series Discussion Paper Series with number a489.

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Length: 26, 8 p.
Date of creation: Jan 2007
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:hit:hituec:a489
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  1. Naoki Yoshihara, 2000. "Characterizations of Bargaining Solutions in Production Economies with Unequal Skills," Discussion Paper Series a396, Institute of Economic Research, Hitotsubashi University.
  2. Devine, James & Dymski, Gary, 1992. "Walrasian Marxism Once Again," Economics and Philosophy, Cambridge University Press, vol. 8(01), pages 157-162, April.
  3. Reiko Gotoh & Naoki Yoshihara, 2003. "A class of fair distribution rules à la Rawls and Sen," Economic Theory, Springer, vol. 22(1), pages 63-88, 08.
  4. Yoshihara, Naoki & Veneziani, Roberto, 2009. "Exploitation as the Unequal Exchange of Labour : An Axiomatic Approach," Discussion Paper Series a524, Institute of Economic Research, Hitotsubashi University.
  5. Petri, Fabio, 1980. "Positive Profits without Exploitation: A Note on the Generalized Fundamental Marxian Theorem," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 48(2), pages 531-33, March.
  6. Veneziani, Roberto, 2007. "Exploitation and time," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 132(1), pages 189-207, January.
  7. Flaschel, Peter, 1983. "Actual Labor Values in a General Model of Production," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 51(2), pages 435-54, March.
  8. Skillman, Gilbert L., 1995. "Ne Hic Saltaveris: The Marxian Theory of Exploitation After Roemer," Economics and Philosophy, Cambridge University Press, vol. 11(02), pages 309-331, October.
  9. Roemer, John E, 1986. "Equality of Resources Implies Equality of Welfare," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 101(4), pages 751-84, November.
  10. Lipietz, Alain, 1982. "The so-called "transformation problem" revisited," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 26(1), pages 59-88, February.
  11. Morishima, Michio, 1974. "Marx in the Light of Modern Economic Theory," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 42(4), pages 611-32, July.
  12. Yoshihara, N., 1996. "Wealth, Exploitation and Labor Discipline in the Contemporary Capitalist Economy," ISER Discussion Paper 0405, Institute of Social and Economic Research, Osaka University.
  13. Roemer, John E, 1980. "A General Equilibrium Approach to Marxian Economics," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 48(2), pages 505-30, March.
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