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Trust-Based Evaluation in a Market-Oriented School System

Author

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  • Vlachos, Jonas

    (Department of Economics, Stockholm University)

Abstract

In Sweden, a trust-based system of school performance evaluation meets a market-oriented school system with liberal entry conditions for voucher-funded private providers. National standardized tests are graded at the local school and what ultimately matters to students are teacher-set grades. This paper finds that privately run free schools systematically set higher grades than public schools when controlling for their achievement on national tests. The differences between municipal and free schools are larger when more reliable tests are used to account for achievement. Differences in grading standards between providers are substantial and most of the performance advantage in teacher-set grades that free schools enjoy can be attributed to more generous grading. The results also indicate that different private providers do not necessarily respond symmetrically when faced with similar market conditions and act under the same regulatory regime.

Suggested Citation

  • Vlachos, Jonas, 2018. "Trust-Based Evaluation in a Market-Oriented School System," Working Paper Series 1217, Research Institute of Industrial Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:hhs:iuiwop:1217
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. repec:hrv:faseco:33077889 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Caroline M. Hoxby, 2003. "The Economics of School Choice," NBER Books, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc, number hox03-1, September.
    3. Hinnerich, Björn Tyrefors & Vlachos, Jonas, 2017. "The impact of upper-secondary voucher school attendance on student achievement. Swedish evidence using external and internal evaluations," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 47(C), pages 1-14.
    4. Caroline Minter Hoxby, 2003. "School Choice and School Productivity. Could School Choice Be a Tide that Lifts All Boats?," NBER Chapters, in: The Economics of School Choice, pages 287-342, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Petter Berg & Ola Palmgren & Björn Tyrefors, 2020. "Gender grading bias in junior high school mathematics," Applied Economics Letters, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 27(11), pages 915-919, June.
    2. Edmark, Karin & Hussain, Iftikhar & Haelermans, Carla, 2020. "The Impact of Voucher Schools: Evidence From Swedish Upper Secondary Schools," Working Paper Series 3/2020, Stockholm University, Swedish Institute for Social Research.
    3. Edmark, Karin & Persson, Lovisa, 2020. "The Impact of Attending an Independent Upper Secondary School: Evidence from Sweden Using School Ranking Data," Working Paper Series 1371, Research Institute of Industrial Economics.
    4. Christophe André & Jon Pareliussen & Hyunjeong Hwang, 2020. "Swedish School Results, Student Background, Competition and Efficiency," Voprosy obrazovaniya / Educational Studies Moscow, National Research University Higher School of Economics, issue 3, pages 8-36.
    5. Андре К. & Парелиуссен Й. & Хван Х., 2020. "Шведские Школы: Результаты Работы, Социальное Происхождение Учащихся, Конкуренция И Эффективность (Пер. С Англ.)," Вопросы образования // Educational Studies Moscow, National Research University Higher School of Economics, issue 3, pages 8-36.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Private provision of public services; School performance evaluation; School vouchers;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • H44 - Public Economics - - Publicly Provided Goods - - - Publicly Provided Goods: Mixed Markets
    • I28 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Government Policy
    • L51 - Industrial Organization - - Regulation and Industrial Policy - - - Economics of Regulation

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