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Poverty in Rural Cambodia: The Differentiated Impact of Linkages, Inputs and Access to Land

Author

Listed:
  • Engvall, Anders

    () (Stockholm School of Economics)

  • Sjöberg, Örjan

    () (Stockholm School of Economics)

  • Sjöholm, Fredrik

    () (Research Institute of Industrial Economics (IFN))

Abstract

Cambodia has been growing rapidly over the past few years but still remains one of the poorest countries in East Asia. In particular, poverty is widespread in rural Cambodia. This paper examines rural poverty in Cambodia with a view to furthering our understanding of the factors that might explain its occurrence and persistence. Setting out from the existing literature, it appears that reduced rural poverty in Cambodia would have to rest on two pillars. Firstly, improvements in agricultural productivity are necessary. Secondly, other income earning opportunities for the rural population have to be established. Using the 2004 Cambodian Socio-Economic Survey, and focusing on the binding constraints to development and poverty alleviation, we add detail to this picture. Our econometric results show that the main causes to poverty differ between landowners and landless and between different regions. Inputs to agriculture are critical to the landowning poor whereas linkages with the rest of the economy, while also essential to landowners, are of vital importance to the landless poor if their lot is to be improved.

Suggested Citation

  • Engvall, Anders & Sjöberg, Örjan & Sjöholm, Fredrik, 2007. "Poverty in Rural Cambodia: The Differentiated Impact of Linkages, Inputs and Access to Land," Working Paper Series 706, Research Institute of Industrial Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:hhs:iuiwop:0706
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    Cited by:

    1. World Bank, 2015. "Cambodia," World Bank Other Operational Studies 22509, The World Bank.
    2. Robinson, Sherman & Levy, Stephanie, 2014. "Can cash transfers promote the local economy? A case study for Cambodia:," IFPRI discussion papers 1334, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Asia; Cambodia; Poverty; Rural; Agriculture; Linkages;

    JEL classification:

    • O12 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Microeconomic Analyses of Economic Development
    • O13 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Agriculture; Natural Resources; Environment; Other Primary Products
    • O18 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Urban, Rural, Regional, and Transportation Analysis; Housing; Infrastructure

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