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China Becoming A Technological Superpower – A Narrow Window Of Opportunity

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  • Sigurdson, Jon

    () (European Institute of Japanese Studies)

Abstract

This working paper shows China's technological advance, its basis in using foreign technology combined with its own manpower resources, and its clever integration of regional ambitions with national policies and programs. It also indicates an emerging global rivalry as China moves towards a future status as technological superpower. In any attempt to understand recent and future industrial and economic development in China it becomes unavoidable to think about its various regions as the equivalents of major countries in other parts of the world. In several ways the regions of the Pearl River Delta, the Yangtze River Delta and the Bo-Hai Rim, including Beijing, can be compared with France, Germany and the UK in Europe. By world standards the regions essentially have middle-income purchasing power. The US in the early part of this century remains unchallenged in defense, economics, politics and technology. Japan can be termed a superpower in economics and technology. EU is conceived as a superpower in economics, politics and technology, while Russia has remaining strength in defense and technology. Today, China is a superpower in politics with an emergence in economics and great ambitions in technology. China has during the past ten years dramatically increased the number of students in tertiary education and provided more funding for R&D, not only in absolute terms but also in relation to its GDP. Traditional indicators, such as patents, still suggest that China is far from reaching its goal of becoming a knowledge-based economy. However, monitoring signs of dynamic changes within industrial sectors and emerging competencies in a number of research fields brings forward a much more optimistic scenario.

Suggested Citation

  • Sigurdson, Jon, 2004. "China Becoming A Technological Superpower – A Narrow Window Of Opportunity," EIJS Working Paper Series 194, Stockholm School of Economics, The European Institute of Japanese Studies.
  • Handle: RePEc:hhs:eijswp:0194
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    Cited by:

    1. Beretta, Silvio & Iannini, Giuseppe, 2007. "A US-EU Economic Block versus China? How Viable is it? A Note," Economia Internazionale / International Economics, Camera di Commercio Industria Artigianato Agricoltura di Genova, vol. 60(4), pages 409-420.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    technological superpower; regional innovation system; RIS; national S&T program; global innovation system; 863; 973; Spark; Torch; China; standards in competition; TCL; ZTE; Huawei;

    JEL classification:

    • O14 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Industrialization; Manufacturing and Service Industries; Choice of Technology
    • O15 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Economic Development: Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration
    • O18 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Urban, Rural, Regional, and Transportation Analysis; Housing; Infrastructure
    • O19 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - International Linkages to Development; Role of International Organizations
    • O31 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Innovation and Invention: Processes and Incentives
    • O32 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Management of Technological Innovation and R&D
    • O33 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Technological Change: Choices and Consequences; Diffusion Processes
    • O34 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Intellectual Property and Intellectual Capital
    • P16 - Economic Systems - - Capitalist Systems - - - Political Economy of Capitalism
    • P31 - Economic Systems - - Socialist Institutions and Their Transitions - - - Socialist Enterprises and Their Transitions
    • R12 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional Economic Activity; Interregional Trade (economic geography)

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