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Regional Innovation Systems in Small & Medium-Sized Regions A Critical Review & Assessment

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  • Andersson, Martin

    () (CESIS - Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies, Royal Institute of Technology)

  • Karlsson, Charlie

    () (CESIS - Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies, Royal Institute of Technology)

Abstract

Continuous product and process innovations are prerequisites for sustainable competitiveness of both nations and regions. How such innovations are created and how successful innovation processes can be initiated are therefore extremely important questions. In recent years, it has been recognized that innovations are localized. They are now believed to be the result of ongoing and prolonged collaboration and interaction between firms and a variety of actors around them within what has been termed regional innovation systems. The actors in the regional innovation systems include customers, producers, subcontractors, consultants, governmental institutions, research institutes, universities, etc. Most of the research on regional innovation systems has focused on high-tech clusters in large metropolitan regions well equipped with a broad spectrum of all kinds of actors that are strategic in the innovation process. Much less interest has been devoted to regional innovation systems in small and medium-sized regions that are less diversified as regards strategic actors in the innovation process. The purpose of the current paper is to provide a critical state-of-the-art review of current research on regional innovation systems in small and medium-sized regions. In particular, we focus on what should be meant with a regional innovation system in this context and the possibilities to identify regional innovation systems that are typical for different types of industrial clusters and regions. Regional innovation policies in small and medium-sized regions are also discussed.

Suggested Citation

  • Andersson, Martin & Karlsson, Charlie, 2004. "Regional Innovation Systems in Small & Medium-Sized Regions A Critical Review & Assessment," Working Paper Series in Economics and Institutions of Innovation 10, Royal Institute of Technology, CESIS - Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies.
  • Handle: RePEc:hhs:cesisp:0010
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Mats Wilhelmsson, 2009. "The spatial distribution of inventor networks," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer;Western Regional Science Association, vol. 43(3), pages 645-668, September.
    2. Maré, Dave C. & Fabling, Richard & Stillman, Steven, 2011. "Immigration and Innovation," IZA Discussion Papers 5686, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    3. Andersson, Martin & Karlsson, Charlie, 2004. "The Role of Accessibility for the Performance of Regional Innovation Systems," Working Paper Series in Economics and Institutions of Innovation 9, Royal Institute of Technology, CESIS - Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies.
    4. David Doloreux & Saeed Parto, 2004. "Regional Innovation Systems: Current Discourse and Challenges for Future Research," ERSA conference papers ersa04p56, European Regional Science Association.
    5. Anna Golejewska, 2012. "Rola instytucji w gospodarce opartej na wiedzy: aspekt regionalny," Working Papers of Economics of European Integration Division 1202, The Univeristy of Gdansk, Faculty of Economics, Economics of European Integration Division.
    6. Sara Johansson & Charlie Karlsson, 2007. "R&D accessibility and regional export diversity," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer;Western Regional Science Association, vol. 41(3), pages 501-523, September.
    7. Sungur, Onur & Keskin, Hidayet, 2012. "Bölgesel İnovasyon Sistemleri: Başarı Koşulları ve Politika Çıkarımları
      [Regional Innovation Systems: Success Factors and Policy Implications]
      ," MPRA Paper 51835, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 05 Nov 2012.
    8. Skokan, Karel, 2005. "Systémy inovací v regionálním rozvoji
      [Systems of Innovation in Regional Development]
      ," MPRA Paper 12374, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    9. Jan Stejskal & Katerina Matatkova, 2011. "The Analysis Of The Regional Innovation Systems €“ Czech Case," ERSA conference papers ersa11p61, European Regional Science Association.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    cluster; innovation; innovation systems; knowledge; proximity; regional innovation systems;

    JEL classification:

    • O18 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Urban, Rural, Regional, and Transportation Analysis; Housing; Infrastructure
    • O31 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Innovation and Invention: Processes and Incentives
    • R11 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Regional Economic Activity: Growth, Development, Environmental Issues, and Changes

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