An Economic History of the Tour de France, 1903-2015
Since its creation in 1903, the Tour de France has remained the biggest of all professional cycling events. This chapter aims to present three aspects of the economic history of the Tour de France and what they tell us about the economic history of sport. First, the Tour has always been owned by private newspaper and media companies. This is why I analyze the level and composition of these companies’ turnover, their business strategies and the reasons for their overall success. Second, Tour riders have always been professionals. This is why I analyze riders’ incomes and prize money and their distribution, which shows clear “winner-takes-all” aspects. Third, the demand for sport shows by Tour spectators reveals broad trends in Europe’s economic history since the early 20th century: the diffusion of bicycles, newspapers and mass consumption, the increase in leisure time, and the advent of the mass media.
|Date of creation:||26 Aug 2016|
|Publication status:|| Published in Sports Through the Lens of Economic History, pp.55-70, 2016, 9781784719944. |
|Note:||View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-01354233|
|Contact details of provider:|| Web page: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/|
References listed on IDEAS
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
- Bertrand Candelon & Arnaud Dupuy, 2015.
"Hierarchical Organization And Performance Inequality: Evidence From Professional Cycling,"
International Economic Review,
Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 56, pages 1207-1236, November.
- Bertrand Candelon & Arnaud Dupuy, 2012. "Hierarchical Organization and Performance Inequality: Evidence from Professional Cycling," Working Papers 2012/12, Maastricht School of Management.
- Bertrand Candelon & Arnaud Dupuy, 2014. "Hierarchical Organization and Performance Inequality: Evidence from Professional Cycling," Working Papers 2014-44, Department of Research, Ipag Business School.
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