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An Economic History of the Tour de France, 1903-2015

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  • Jean-François Mignot

    () (GEMASS - Groupe d'Etude des Méthodes de l'Analyse Sociologique de la Sorbonne - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - UP4 - Université Paris-Sorbonne - FMSH)

Abstract

Since its creation in 1903, the Tour de France has remained the biggest of all professional cycling events. This chapter aims to present three aspects of the economic history of the Tour de France and what they tell us about the economic history of sport. First, the Tour has always been owned by private newspaper and media companies. This is why I analyze the level and composition of these companies’ turnover, their business strategies and the reasons for their overall success. Second, Tour riders have always been professionals. This is why I analyze riders’ incomes and prize money and their distribution, which shows clear “winner-takes-all” aspects. Third, the demand for sport shows by Tour spectators reveals broad trends in Europe’s economic history since the early 20th century: the diffusion of bicycles, newspapers and mass consumption, the increase in leisure time, and the advent of the mass media.

Suggested Citation

  • Jean-François Mignot, 2016. "An Economic History of the Tour de France, 1903-2015," Post-Print halshs-01354233, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:halshs-01354233 Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-01354233
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    1. Bertrand Candelon & Arnaud Dupuy, 2015. "Hierarchical Organization And Performance Inequality: Evidence From Professional Cycling," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 56, pages 1207-1236, November.
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    Keywords

    sport; Economic history; Cycling; Tour de France;

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