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On the Feasibility of Power and Status Ranking in Traditional Setups

  • Petros Sekeris

    ()

    (CRED - Center of Research in the Economics of Development - Facultés Universitaire Notre-Dame de la Paix, Namur - Facultés Universitaires Notre Dame de la Paix)

  • Jean-Philippe Platteau

    (CRED - Center of Research in the Economics of Development - Facultés Universitaire Notre-Dame de la Paix, Namur - Facultés Universitaires Notre Dame de la Paix)

This paper aims at a better understanding of the conditions under which unequal rank or power positions may get permanently established through asymmetric gift exchange when a gift brings pride to the donor and shame to the recipient. Such a framework matches numerous observations reported in the sociological and anthropological literature dealing with patronage relations in traditional setups. A central result derived from our model is that an asymmetric gift exchange equilibrium can occur only if the importance attached to social shame by a recipient is smaller than that attached to social esteem by a donor. Moreover, if this (necessary) condition is fulfilled, an asymmetric gift exchange will take place only if the recipient's productivity is neither too high nor too low. Finally, the possibility of a parasitic response of the gift recipient is more likely to be observed when the donee's sensitivity to social shame is low, or when his productivity is high.

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Paper provided by HAL in its series Post-Print with number halshs-00122421.

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Date of creation: 01 Sep 2010
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Publication status: Published, Journal of Comparative Economics, 2010, 38, 3, 267-282
Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:halshs-00122421
Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: http://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00122421/en/
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