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Préférences révelées, bien public local et électeur médian: tests sur données françaises

Listed author(s):
  • Marc Baudry

    ()

    (CREM - Centre de Recherche en Economie et Management - UR1 - Université de Rennes 1 - Université de Caen Basse-Normandie - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

  • Matthieu Leprince

    ()

    (CREM - Centre de Recherche en Economie et Management - UR1 - Université de Rennes 1 - Université de Caen Basse-Normandie - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

  • Cyriaque Moreau

The median voter theorem holds that the supply of public goods is determined by the median voter's demand, considered decisive in voting. The paper proposes two new tests of the theorem based on all towns in France with population of over 10,000. The authors develop two test methods, a non-parametric method based on revealed preference theory and a parametric method based on the utility function in monetary equivalent terms. It is shown that the hypothesis that municipal public spending is consistent with median voter utility maximisation cannot be rejected. The indicators computed, the mean efficiency indexes for the observed choices and the percentage of the median voter's tax “wasted” by inefficient choices, both suggest that the supply of local public goods is indeed determined by median voter demand.

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Paper provided by HAL in its series Post-Print with number halshs-00076645.

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Date of creation: 2002
Publication status: Published in Économie & prévision, La Documentation Française, 2002, pp.125-146
Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:halshs-00076645
Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00076645
Contact details of provider: Web page: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/

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  1. Varian, Hal R, 1982. "The Nonparametric Approach to Demand Analysis," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 50(4), pages 945-973, July.
  2. Turnbull, Geoffrey K & Djoundourian, Salpie S, 1994. "The Median Voter Hypothesis: Evidence from General Purpose Local Governments," Public Choice, Springer, vol. 81(3-4), pages 223-240, December.
  3. Bergstrom, Theodore C & Goodman, Robert P, 1973. "Private Demands for Public Goods," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 63(3), pages 280-296, June.
  4. Borcherding, Thomas E & Deacon, Robert T, 1972. "The Demand for the Services of Non-Federal Governments," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 62(5), pages 891-901, December.
  5. White, Halbert, 1980. "A Heteroskedasticity-Consistent Covariance Matrix Estimator and a Direct Test for Heteroskedasticity," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 48(4), pages 817-838, May.
  6. Guy Gilbert, 1996. "Le fédéralisme financier, perspectives de microéconomie spatiale," Revue Économique, Programme National Persée, vol. 47(2), pages 311-363.
  7. Alain Guengant & Christophe Tavéra, 2000. "Taux d'imposition locaux optimaux et processus d'ajustement progressif : existe-t-il des clubs communaux en France ?," Économie et Prévision, Programme National Persée, vol. 146(5), pages 113-126.
  8. Randall Holcombe, 1989. "The median voter model in public choice theory," Public Choice, Springer, vol. 61(2), pages 115-125, May.
  9. Varian, Hal R., 1990. "Goodness-of-fit in optimizing models," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 46(1-2), pages 125-140.
  10. Romer, Thomas & Rosenthal, Howard, 1979. "The elusive median voter," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 12(2), pages 143-170, October.
  11. Hayes, K & Wood, L L, 1995. "Utility Maximizing Bureaucrats: The Bureaucrat's Point of View," Public Choice, Springer, vol. 82(1-2), pages 69-83, January.
  12. Afriat, S N, 1973. "On a System of Inequalities in Demand Analysis: An Extension of the Classical Method," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 14(2), pages 460-472, June.
  13. Gross, John, 1995. "Heterogeneity of preferences for local public goods: The case of private expenditure on public education," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 57(1), pages 103-127, May.
  14. Werner W. Pommerehne & Bruno S. Frey, 1976. "Two Approaches To Estimating Public Expenditures," Public Finance Review, , vol. 4(4), pages 395-407, October.
  15. Turnbull, Geoffrey K & Mitias, Peter M, 1999. "The Median Voter Model across Levels of Government," Public Choice, Springer, vol. 99(1-2), pages 119-138, April.
  16. Pommerehne, Werner W., 1978. "Institutional approaches to public expenditure : Empirical evidence from Swiss municipalities," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 9(2), pages 255-280, April.
  17. Robert Inman, 1978. "Testing political economy’s ‘as if’ proposition: is the median income voter really decisive?," Public Choice, Springer, vol. 33(4), pages 45-65, December.
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