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Regional gatekeepers, inventor networks and inventive performance: Spatial and organizational channels

Author

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  • Julie Le Gallo

    (CESAER - Centre d'Economie et de Sociologie Rurales Appliquées à l'Agriculture et aux Espaces Ruraux - INRAE - Institut National de Recherche pour l’Agriculture, l’Alimentation et l’Environnement - AgroSup Dijon - Institut National Supérieur des Sciences Agronomiques, de l'Alimentation et de l'Environnement)

  • Anne Plunket

    (BETA - Bureau d'Économie Théorique et Appliquée - UNISTRA - Université de Strasbourg - UL - Université de Lorraine - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - INRAE - Institut National de Recherche pour l’Agriculture, l’Alimentation et l’Environnement)

Abstract

It is increasingly emphasized that the innovative performance of regions depends on the right balance between local development and external openness. The paper contributes to this discussion by exploring how regional gatekeepers contribute to inventive performance through their intermediation role as they establish extra-local linkages in addition to their local embeddedness. More specifically, we investigate whether firms benefit from the gatekeeping position of their inventors. To do so, we identify corporate inventors with a gatekeeper position, and study whether their presence in inventor teams affects the quality of inventions and differs when gatekeepers cross organizational (intrafirm, interfirm versus science-industry) and/or regional boundaries (one or multiple regions). Our results show that gatekeepers have a higher impact on the quality of inventions when they work for firms involved in inter-firm collaborations unlike external stars who have either no effect or a negative impact on inventive quality.

Suggested Citation

  • Julie Le Gallo & Anne Plunket, 2020. "Regional gatekeepers, inventor networks and inventive performance: Spatial and organizational channels," Post-Print hal-02889468, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:hal-02889468
    DOI: 10.1016/j.respol.2020.103981
    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02889468
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    2. Mors, Marie Louise & Waguespack, David M., 2021. "Fast success and slow failure: The process speed of dispersed research teams," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 50(5).

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Gatekeepers; Global pipelines; Inventor networks; Inventor teams; Firm collaborations; Organizational and geographical proximity; Patent quality;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • O31 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Innovation and Invention: Processes and Incentives
    • O33 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Technological Change: Choices and Consequences; Diffusion Processes
    • R11 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Regional Economic Activity: Growth, Development, Environmental Issues, and Changes
    • D85 - Microeconomics - - Information, Knowledge, and Uncertainty - - - Network Formation

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