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Who's winning the low-carbon innovation race? An assessment of countries' leadership in renewable energy technologies

Author

Listed:
  • Clément Bonnet

    (IFPEN - IFP Energies nouvelles - IFPEN - IFP Energies nouvelles, EconomiX - UPN - Université Paris Nanterre - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

  • Emmanuel Hache

    (IFPEN - IFP Energies nouvelles - IFPEN - IFP Energies nouvelles, IRIS - Institut de Relations Internationales et Stratégiques, EconomiX - UPN - Université Paris Nanterre - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

  • Gondia Sokhna Seck

    (IFPEN - IFP Energies nouvelles - IFPEN - IFP Energies nouvelles)

  • Marine Simoen

    (IFPEN - IFP Energies nouvelles - IFPEN - IFP Energies nouvelles)

  • Samuel Carcanague

    (IRIS - Institut de Relations Internationales et Stratégiques)

Abstract

Intellectual property is a central issue in climate negotiations. On the one hand, it shapes and encourages innovation in low-carbon technologies. On the other hand, it can reduce access to these technologies by giving patent holders market power. We analyse the interactions between climate negotiations and the acquisition of renewable energy technology patents. First, we present the history of climate negotiations, emphasizing the role of technologies. Second, we conduct an empirical analysis aimed at determining which countries could be considered leaders in renewable energy technologies (RETs). Major changes were observed in the geographical distribution of low-carbon innovation during the 2000s, foreshadowing a reorganization of the geopolitical balances of innovation in renewable energies.

Suggested Citation

  • Clément Bonnet & Emmanuel Hache & Gondia Sokhna Seck & Marine Simoen & Samuel Carcanague, 2019. "Who's winning the low-carbon innovation race? An assessment of countries' leadership in renewable energy technologies," Post-Print hal-02417569, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:hal-02417569
    DOI: 10.1016/j.inteco.2019.07.006
    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://hal-ifp.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02417569
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    Keywords

    Patent data; International relations; energy transition; renewable energy technology; innovation; international relations JEL Classification: Q42; Q55; O31; O38;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • Q42 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Alternative Energy Sources
    • Q55 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environmental Economics: Technological Innovation
    • O31 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Innovation and Invention: Processes and Incentives
    • O38 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Government Policy

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