In quest of the stages of renewal of French entrepreneurship in the years 1950s-2000s (In French)
Having already fixed the arguments about French entrepreneurship in a previous on a long term scope, we focus our paper on the French syndrome about low entrepreneurship throughout the challenges of the rebuilding of economic power and growth after WWII within the framework of planification, at times when the very substance of economic elites was at stake among the business associations, the regional communities of business and the state economic apparel. The 1960s-1970s seemed to foster a balance between from a “from the top approach” and a “from the basis” renewal of entrepreneurship, thanks to new layers of entrepreneurial bourgeoisies, either family business or transfers from the state system – France being supposed to become the “South Korea of Europe”. But the crisis of the 1970s-1990s shook this regarnished confidence: doubtful elites reconsidered the “French model” along issues of differenciation and competitiveness, within the mindsets of “eurosclerosis” and a specific type of “declinism”. We’ll thus ponder the evolution of entrepreneurial reactivity throughout the dismantle of traditional family business and industries and the upsurge of new productive models; and once more tackle the argument about the role of the state in fuelling entrepreneurship and about the ever-dreamed rebirth of “productive districts” and creative communities of entrepreneurship.
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