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Taxe carbone globale, effet taille de marché et mobilité des firmes

Author

Listed:
  • Nelly Exbrayat

    (CERDI-CNRS, Université d'Auvergne)

  • Carl Gaigné

    () (INRA, UMR1302, 4 Allée Bobierre, F-35000 Rennes, France)

  • Stéphane Riou

    (UMR CNRS 5824 GATE Lyon-Saint-Etienne, Université de Saint-Etienne)

Abstract

Nous analysons l’impact et les déterminants d’une taxe carbone globale dans une économie imparfaitement intégrée composée de pays de différente taille. A l’aide d’un modèle de commerce et de localisation, nous montrons tout d’abord que la concentration de firmes dans le pays disposant d’un avantage de taille de marché accroît les émissions totales de C O2 . L’intro- duction d’une taxe carbone globale conduit alors à des délocalisations de firmes du grand pays vers le petit pays de sorte que même fixée à un taux unique, une fiscalité carbone ne serait pas neutre du point de vue de la géographie économique. Enfin, parce qu’elles conduisent à une réduction des émissions mondiales de C O2 , ces relocalisations améliorent l’efficacité environnementale de la taxe carbone.

Suggested Citation

  • Nelly Exbrayat & Carl Gaigné & Stéphane Riou, 2011. "Taxe carbone globale, effet taille de marché et mobilité des firmes," Working Papers 1105, Groupe d'Analyse et de Théorie Economique Lyon St-Étienne (GATE Lyon St-Étienne), Université de Lyon.
  • Handle: RePEc:gat:wpaper:1105
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Guillaume Cheikbossian, 2010. "La coordination des politiques environnementales entre deux pays de taille asymétrique," Revue économique, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 61(1), pages 9-34.
    2. Marie-Françoise Calmette, 2008. "Politique environnementale en économie ouverte. Une possible incompatibilité entre les décisions des firmes et des gouvernements," Revue économique, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 59(3), pages 517-526.
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    Cited by:

    1. Nelly Exbrayat & Stéphane Riou & Skerdilajda Zanaj, 2015. "Carbon tax, pollution and spatial location of heterogeneous firms," CREA Discussion Paper Series 15-17, Center for Research in Economic Analysis, University of Luxembourg.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    fiscalité environnementale; mobilité des firmes; intégration économique;

    JEL classification:

    • F12 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Models of Trade with Imperfect Competition and Scale Economies; Fragmentation
    • F15 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Economic Integration
    • F18 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade and Environment
    • Q28 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation - - - Government Policy

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