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Politique environnementale en économie ouverte. Une possible incompatibilité entre les décisions des firmes et des gouvernements

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  • Marie-Françoise Calmette

Abstract

We examine the design of national emission taxes in an international trade setting with imperfect competition and trade costs. The main point of the paper is that there can exist a consistency problem with respect to tax policy in a setting where trade costs are positive. In particular, when firms make production decisions in response to tax policy, there exists a range of trade costs such that the optimal tax for a given trading outcome (autarky or trade) does not induce that trading outcome in equilibrium. This range is wider as the markets are less competitive. We also show that environmental taxes are higher when markets are open, nevertheless, at positive trade costs, social welfare is lower than in autarky. Classification JEL : C62 ; F12, F18, H21

Suggested Citation

  • Marie-Françoise Calmette, 2008. "Politique environnementale en économie ouverte. Une possible incompatibilité entre les décisions des firmes et des gouvernements," Revue économique, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 59(3), pages 517-526.
  • Handle: RePEc:cai:recosp:reco_593_0517
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Nelly Exbrayat & Carl Gaigné & Stéphane Riou, 2011. "Taxe carbone globale, effet taille de marché et mobilité des firmes," Working Papers 1105, Groupe d'Analyse et de Théorie Economique Lyon St-Étienne (GATE Lyon St-Étienne), Université de Lyon.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • F12 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Models of Trade with Imperfect Competition and Scale Economies; Fragmentation
    • F18 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade and Environment
    • H21 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Efficiency; Optimal Taxation

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