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Selected Social Safety Net Programs in the Philippines. Targeting, Cost Effectiveness, and option for Reform


  • Ubbarao, K.
  • Ahmed, A.U.
  • Teklu, T.


To ease transitional problems during stabilization and structural reform and to protect the well-being of the poor, the Government of the Philippines have focussed on three major 'safety net' programs. Although substantial resources have been devoted to theses programs, few studies have been devoted to these programs, few studies have reviewed their impact on the poor. This study attemps to fill this gap. The study examines the effectiveness of the safety net programs from the perspectives of targeting, cost-effectiveness, and sustainability. The analysis suggests that the poorest income groups and regions are not receiving their share of benefits from the food subsidy program and that even the small amount of income transfered to the poor is achievable at a high cost.

Suggested Citation

  • Ubbarao, K. & Ahmed, A.U. & Teklu, T., 1996. "Selected Social Safety Net Programs in the Philippines. Targeting, Cost Effectiveness, and option for Reform," World Bank - Discussion Papers 317, World Bank.
  • Handle: RePEc:fth:wobadi:317

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Anwar M. Chaudry-Shah, 1989. "A Capitalization Approach to Fiscal Incidence at the Local Level," Land Economics, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 65(4), pages 359-375.
    2. Chaudry-Shah, Anwar, 1988. " Capitalization and the Theory of Local Public Finance: An Interpretive Essay," Journal of Economic Surveys, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 2(3), pages 209-243.
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    Cited by:

    1. Sami Bibi & Jean-Yves Duclos, 2007. "Poverty-decreasing indirect tax reforms: Evidence from Tunisia," International Tax and Public Finance, Springer;International Institute of Public Finance, vol. 14(2), pages 165-190, April.
    2. Manasan, Rosario G., 2009. "Reforming Social Protection Policy: Responding to the Global Financial Crisis and Beyond," Discussion Papers DP 2009-22, Philippine Institute for Development Studies.
    3. Esguerra, Jude H. & Ogawa, Makoto & Vodopivec, Milan, 2002. "Options of public income support for the unemployed in the Philippines and social protection," Social Protection and Labor Policy and Technical Notes 25509, The World Bank.
    4. Farrar, Curtis, 2000. "A review of food subsidy research at IFPRI," Impact assessments 12, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
    5. Reyes, Celia M., 2006. "Alternative Means Testing Options Using CBMS," Discussion Papers DP 2006-22, Philippine Institute for Development Studies.
    6. Celia M. Reyes, 2006. "Alternative Means Testing Options Using CBMS," Development Economics Working Papers 22685, East Asian Bureau of Economic Research.

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    JEL classification:

    • D71 - Microeconomics - - Analysis of Collective Decision-Making - - - Social Choice; Clubs; Committees; Associations


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