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Union Membership and Apprenticeship Completion


  • Sweet, R.
  • Lin, Z.


This paper examines the effects of union membership on completion rates among Canadian apprentices. Previous research by Holmes and Singh indicated that indenture class - among other variables - was an important predictor of completion probabilities of B.C. construction trade apprentices. To further examine this relationship, completion rate comparisons based on union membership are presented for a national sample of apprentices across all trade categories. This analysis is further elaborated by selected institutional and individual difference variables. The latter include age, gender, educational level, prior work experience, and region. As well as detailing first-order relationships among these indicators, prediction models are constructed to explore their relative contribution to completion rates. The data for this analysis were obtained from the 1994/5 National Apprenticed Trades Survey. The resulting national profile of completion rates - emphasizing the role of union membership - extends and qualifies the work of Holmes and Singh and provides a useful empirical basis for developing research priorities and directions in the important area of apprenticeship training.

Suggested Citation

  • Sweet, R. & Lin, Z., 1999. "Union Membership and Apprenticeship Completion," Training Matters: Working Paper Series 99-06, Training Matters and the Centre for Research on Work and Society..
  • Handle: RePEc:fth:crwswp:99-06

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    JEL classification:

    • J20 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - General
    • J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
    • J51 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor-Management Relations, Trade Unions, and Collective Bargaining - - - Trade Unions: Objectives, Structure, and Effects


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