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International Trade and Income Distribution

  • Yang, X.
  • Zhang, D.

This paper applies the inframarginal analysis, which is a combination of marginal and total cost-benefit analysis, to investigate the relationship between division of labor, the extent of the market, productivity, and inequality of income distribution. The model with transaction costs and exogenous and endogenous comparative advantages shows that as transaction conditions are improved, the general equilibrium discontinuously jumps from autarky to partial division of labor with a dual structure, then to the complete division of labor where dual structure disappears. In this process different groups of individuals with different transaction conditions get involved in a certain level of division of labor at different stages of development.

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Paper provided by Chicago - Graduate School of Business in its series Papers with number 18.

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Length: 27 pages
Date of creation: 2000
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:fth:chicbu:18
Contact details of provider: Postal:
UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO, H.G.B. ALEXANDER FOUNDATION GRADUATE SCHOOL OF BUSINESS, CHICAGO ILLINOIS 60637 U.S.A.

Web page: http://gsb.uchicago.edu/

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  1. George J. Borjas & Richard B. Friedman & Lawrence F. Katz, 1997. "How Much Do Immigration and Trade Affect Labor Market Outcomes?," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Economic Studies Program, The Brookings Institution, vol. 28(1), pages 1-90.
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  12. Sen, Partha, 1998. "Terms of Trade and Welfare for a Developing Economy with an Imperfectly Competitive Sector," Review of Development Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 2(1), pages 87-93, February.
  13. Balassa, Bela, 1986. "The employment effects of trade in manufactured products between developed and developing countries," Journal of Policy Modeling, Elsevier, vol. 8(3), pages 371-390.
  14. Kelly, M., 1996. "The Dynamics of Smithian growth," Papers 96/9, College Dublin, Department of Political Economy-.
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  18. Xiaokai Yang, 1994. "Endogenous vs. exogenous comparative advantage and economies of specialization vs. economies of scale," Journal of Economics, Springer, vol. 60(1), pages 29-54, February.
  19. Deininger, Klaus & Squire, Lyn, 1996. "A New Data Set Measuring Income Inequality," World Bank Economic Review, World Bank Group, vol. 10(3), pages 565-91, September.
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  29. repec:hhs:iuiwop:430 is not listed on IDEAS
  30. Gary Burtless, 1995. "International Trade and the Rise in Earnings Inequality," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 33(2), pages 800-816, June.
  31. Khandker, A. Wahhab & Rashid, Salim, 1995. "Wage subsidy and full-employment in a dual economy with open unemployment and surplus labor," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 48(1), pages 205-223, October.
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