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Growth, inequality and poverty during a process of institutional change

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  • Pasquale Tridico

    () (Università degli Studi Roma Tre, Dipartimento di Economia)

Abstract

This paper aims first of all to explore the social sustainability and the quality of economic growth in a sample of 50 Emerging and Transition Economies (ETEs), which are countries experiencing a process of fast growth and institutional change in most cases. Through a series of cross-country regressions, using OLS models, the paper assesses the type of development in those countries. Economic growth during 1995-2006 is regressed against poverty, inequality and human development variables. The main findings are that growth did not reduce poverty and that income inequality, measured as a reduction of Gini coefficient between the years 1993-2004, worsened too. From one side, economic growth in ETEs occurred despite the worsening of income inequality. However, this result does not identify a “U-shaped” Kuznets curve because even after a consistent period of economic growth, inequality did not decrease and it remained at higher levels. Only countries with higher education levels and public expenditure in strategic dimensions seem to escape from this trap. On the other side, economic growth occurred at the expense of an important human development variable i.e., life expectancy, and at the expense an important indicator of political democracy, i.e., Voice and Accountability.

Suggested Citation

  • Pasquale Tridico, 2008. "Growth, inequality and poverty during a process of institutional change," Working Papers - Economics wp2008_01, Universita' degli Studi di Firenze, Dipartimento di Scienze per l'Economia e l'Impresa.
  • Handle: RePEc:frz:wpaper:wp2008_01
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Boadway, Robin & Tremblay, Jean-François, 2010. "Mobility and Fiscal Imbalance," National Tax Journal, National Tax Association, vol. 63(4), pages 1023-1053, December.
    2. Robin Boadway, 2004. "The Theory and Practice of Equalization," CESifo Economic Studies, CESifo, vol. 50(1), pages 211-254.
    3. Christian Baretti & Bernd Huber & Karl Lichtblau, 2002. "A Tax on Tax Revenue: The Incentive Effects of Equalizing Transfers: Evidence from Germany," International Tax and Public Finance, Springer;International Institute of Public Finance, vol. 9(6), pages 631-649, November.
    4. Baretti, Christian & Huber, Bernd & Lichtblau, Karl, 2002. "A Tax on Tax Revenue: The Incentive Effects of Equalizing Transfers: Evidence from Germany," Munich Reprints in Economics 20129, University of Munich, Department of Economics.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    development; inequality; poverty; institutions;

    JEL classification:

    • O10 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - General
    • O15 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Economic Development: Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration
    • I32 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Measurement and Analysis of Poverty
    • P52 - Economic Systems - - Comparative Economic Systems - - - Comparative Studies of Particular Economies

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