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Assessing Macroeconomic Tail Risks in a Data-Rich Environment

Author

Listed:
  • Thomas R. Cook
  • Taeyoung Doh

Abstract

We use a large set of economic and financial indicators to assess tail risks of the three macroeconomic variables: real GDP, unemployment, and inflation. When applied to U.S. data, we find evidence that a dense model using principal components (PC) as predictors might be misspecified by imposing the “common slope” assumption on the set of predictors across multiple quantiles. The common slope assumption ignores the heterogeneous informativeness of individual predictors on different quantiles. However, the parsimony of the PC-based approach improves the accuracy of out-of-sample forecasts when combined with a sparse model using the dynamic model averaging method. Out-of-sample analysis of U.S. data suggests that the downside risk for real macro variables spiked to by the end of the Great Recession but subsequently declined to a negligible level. On the other hand, the downside tail risk for inflation fluctuated around a non-negligible level even after the end of the Great Recession. The disconnect between the downside risk of inflation and that of real activities can be in line with the evidence for the reduced role of the output gap for inflation during the recent period.

Suggested Citation

  • Thomas R. Cook & Taeyoung Doh, 2019. "Assessing Macroeconomic Tail Risks in a Data-Rich Environment," Research Working Paper RWP 19-12, Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City.
  • Handle: RePEc:fip:fedkrw:87675
    DOI: 10.18651/RWP2019-12
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Andrea Carriero & Todd E. Clark & Marcellino Massimiliano, 2020. "Nowcasting Tail Risks to Economic Activity with Many Indicators," Working Papers 202013R2, Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, revised 22 Sep 2020.
    2. Todd E. Clark & Florian Huber & Gary Koop & Massimiliano Marcellino & Michael Pfarrhofer, 2021. "Tail Forecasting with Multivariate Bayesian Additive Regression Trees," Working Papers 202108, Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland.
    3. Rangan Gupta & Xin Sheng & Christian Pierdzioch & Qiang Ji, 2021. "Disaggregated Oil Shocks and Stock-Market Tail Risks: Evidence from a Panel of 48 Countries," Working Papers 202106, University of Pretoria, Department of Economics.
    4. Andrea Carriero & Todd E. Clark & Massimiliano Marcellino, 2020. "Capturing Macroeconomic Tail Risks with Bayesian Vector Autoregressions," Working Papers 202002R, Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, revised 22 Sep 2020.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Quantile Regressions; Tail Risks; Variable Selection; Dynamic Model Averaging;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • C22 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Time-Series Models; Dynamic Quantile Regressions; Dynamic Treatment Effect Models; Diffusion Processes
    • C55 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric Modeling - - - Large Data Sets: Modeling and Analysis
    • E27 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Forecasting and Simulation: Models and Applications
    • E37 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Forecasting and Simulation: Models and Applications

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