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When Fair Trade increases unfairness: The case of quinoa from Bolivia


  • Aurélie Carimentrand
  • Jérôme Ballet

    (Fonds pour la Recherche en Ethique Economique)


Fair Trade movement tackles the question of global justice. It is experiencing growing success. Fair Trade therefore sorts the beneficiaries, usually by means of certification. Numerous impact studies have assessed the beneficial effects of Fair Trade on the intended beneficiaries. Several studies have nevertheless called into question both the impact of certification and Fair trade. Following these studies this paper shows that Fair Trade in quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa Willd.) is actually increasing inequalities between Bolivian producers.

Suggested Citation

  • Aurélie Carimentrand & Jérôme Ballet, 2010. "When Fair Trade increases unfairness: The case of quinoa from Bolivia," Working Papers 52010, Fonds pour la Recherche en Ethique Economique.
  • Handle: RePEc:fet:wpaper:52010

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    Blog mentions

    As found by, the blog aggregator for Economics research:
    1. Is fair trade unfair?
      by Economic Logician in Economic Logic on 2010-09-17 19:35:00
    2. Weekly Wisdom Roundup 96: A Linkfest For The Smartest People On The Web
      by Miguel in Simoleon Sense on 2010-09-19 23:16:27


    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.

    Cited by:

    1. Aurélie Carimentrand & Jérôme Ballet & Marie-Christine Renard, 2011. "Gouvernance, signes de qualité et équité dans les filières du commerce équitable," Post-Print halshs-00771535, HAL.
    2. Carlos Oya & Florian Schaefer & Dafni Skalidou & Catherine McCosker & Laurenz Langer, 2017. "Effects of certification schemes for agricultural production on socio‐economic outcomes in low‐ and middle‐income countries: a systematic review," Campbell Systematic Reviews, John Wiley & Sons, vol. 13(1), pages 1-346.
    3. Oya, Carlos & Schaefer, Florian & Skalidou, Dafni, 2018. "The effectiveness of agricultural certification in developing countries: A systematic review," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 112(C), pages 282-312.

    More about this item


    FairTrade; Inequalities; Quinoa; Bolivia;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • Q17 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Agriculture in International Trade

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    This item is featured on the following reading lists, Wikipedia, or ReplicationWiki pages:
    1. Economic Logic blog


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