The effects of energy taxes on energy consumption in Finland between 1995 and 2004 - An historical analysis using the VATTAGE-model
Abstract This study evaluates the effects of changes in energy taxes on energy consumption between the years 1995 and 2004 using an applied, general equilibrium model for a historical simulation. During this period, Finnish energy taxation was fundamentally changed, going from an up-stream, emission and energy content-based approach to one with a mixed fuel and electricity tax. The change put the burden more closely on the users of electricity and fuels. We find that while the sharp increases in energy prices since 1995 have significantly restricted the growth of energy demand, energy taxes have also been effective in curbing the growth of energy and especially electricity consumption. For transport fuels, the effective tax rate actually fell as the price net of tax increased over time. Nevertheless, for petrol and light fuel oil we do find the taxes to have slowed down overall demand growth.
|Date of creation:||31 Jan 2011|
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- Adriaan Perrels & Tarja Tuovinen & Noora Veijalainen & Kirsti Jylhä & Juha Aaltonen & Riitta Molarius & Markus Porthin & Jari Silander & Tony Rosqvist & Tim Carter & Stefan Fronzek, 2010. "The implications of climate change for extreme weather events and their socio-economic consequences in Finland," Research Reports 158, Government Institute for Economic Research Finland (VATT).
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