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Contribution sur la valeur ajoutée : emplois à tout prix ?

In the context of a still high unemployment rate, the recurring debate around the Social security deficits calls for an enlargement of the way growing needs could be financed. A solution that has recently been contemplated would lie in the introduction of a new contribution on the value-added that would be balanced by a reduction of social security taxes. The aim of this paper is to put this proposal under scrutiny and to assess its feasibility. We first estimate factors demand and use the elasticity of substitution between labor and capital to calibrate macrosimulations on the French economy. The results indicate that the reform would be favourable to employment. We then focus on transfers between capitalistic and labor-intensive firms and show that it would not be particularly damaging for export firms. JEL Codes: H22, I18, E60, J20.

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File URL: http://www.ofce.sciences-po.fr/pdf/dtravail/WP2006-21.pdf
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Paper provided by Observatoire Francais des Conjonctures Economiques (OFCE) in its series Documents de Travail de l'OFCE with number 2006-21.

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Date of creation: 2006
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:fce:doctra:0621
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  1. Éric Heyer & Xavier Timbeau, 2000. "35 heures : réduction réduite," Revue de l'OFCE, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 0(3), pages 53-95.
  2. repec:spo:wpecon:info:hdl:2441/1646 is not listed on IDEAS
  3. Eric Heyer & Xavier Timbeau, 2001. "35 heures : où en sommes-nous ?," Sciences Po publications info:hdl:2441/1043, Sciences Po.
  4. Eric Heyer & Xavier Timbeau, 2000. "35 heures: réduction réduite," Sciences Po publications info:hdl:2441/1646, Sciences Po.
  5. repec:spo:wpecon:info:hdl:2441/1043 is not listed on IDEAS
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