IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this article

Contribution sur la valeur ajoutée : emplois à tout prix ?


  • Xavier Timbeau
  • Christophe Blot
  • Éric Heyer
  • Mathieu Plane


In the context of a still high unemployment rate, the recurring debate around the Social security deficits calls for an enlargement of the way growing needs could be financed. A solution that has recently been contemplated would lie in the introduction of a new contribution on the value-added that would be balanced by a reduction of social security taxes. The aim of this paper is to put this proposal under scrutiny and to assess its feasibility. We first estimate factors demand and use the elasticity of substitution between labor and capital to calibrate macrosimulations on the French economy. The results indicate that the reform would be favourable to employment. We then focus on transfers between capitalistic and labor-intensive firms and show that it would not be particularly damaging for export firms. JEL Codes: H22, I18, E60, J20.

Suggested Citation

  • Xavier Timbeau & Christophe Blot & Éric Heyer & Mathieu Plane, 2007. "Contribution sur la valeur ajoutée : emplois à tout prix ?," Revue de l'OFCE, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 100(1), pages 265-296.
  • Handle: RePEc:cai:reofsp:reof_100_0265

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: free

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: free

    Other versions of this item:

    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Eric Heyer & Xavier Timbeau, 2001. "35 heures : où en sommes-nous ?," Sciences Po publications info:hdl:2441/1043, Sciences Po.
    2. Éric Heyer & Xavier Timbeau, 2000. "35 heures : réduction réduite," Revue de l'OFCE, Programme National Persée, vol. 74(1), pages 53-95.
    3. repec:spo:wpecon:info:hdl:2441/1043 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Neil R. Ericsson & James G. MacKinnon, 2002. "Distributions of error correction tests for cointegration," Econometrics Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 5(2), pages 285-318, June.
    5. repec:spo:wpecon:info:hdl:2441/1646 is not listed on IDEAS
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)


    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.

    Cited by:

    1. Henri Sterdyniak, 2012. "Compétitivité, le choc illusoire... Faut-il réformer le financement de la protection sociale ?," Sciences Po publications info:hdl:2441/53r60a8s3ku, Sciences Po.
    2. Mireille Elbaum, 2011. "Le financement de la protection sociale : quelles perspectives au-delà des solutions miracles," Documents de Travail de l'OFCE 2011-27, Observatoire Francais des Conjonctures Economiques (OFCE).
    3. repec:spo:wpecon:info:hdl:2441/53r60a8s3kup1vc9l5689g62n is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • H22 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Incidence
    • I18 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Government Policy; Regulation; Public Health
    • E60 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - General
    • J20 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - General


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:cai:reofsp:reof_100_0265. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Jean-Baptiste de Vathaire). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.