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Forest property insurance: an application to mediterranean woodlands


  • António C. Pinheiro

    () (Universidade de Évora, Departamento de Economia)

  • Nuno Ribeiro

    () (Universidade de Évora, Departamento de Fitotecnia)


Fire is the biggest forest enemy in many countries, especially in those that have dry and hot climates. Fire destroys biomass and makes forest production a very risky business. Forest insurance could decrease fire risk and would contribute to make forest activities more profitable. Nowadays, in many countries, it is not easy to find companies that want to insure forests stands. The most important reasons to explain this fact are the followings. First, in many countries, forest insurance is not mandatory; so many farmers don?t make it. This increases the risk premium that insurance companies ask for those that were willing to make the insurance contract. Second, insurance companies need to have models based on desegregated and reliable data that allow them estimating the probability of fire occurrences. Finally, it is very difficult for insurer to estimate the real value of the stands (forests) because their values vary from species to species and for the same species with the age and market prices. So, it is difficult for insurer to practice fair and reasonable insurance premiums. The main objective of this paper is to present simple models that help to estimate ?fair? insurance risk premiums, contributing in this way to make forest business more appealing and sustainable.

Suggested Citation

  • António C. Pinheiro & Nuno Ribeiro, 2011. "Forest property insurance: an application to mediterranean woodlands," Economics Working Papers 1_2011, University of Évora, Department of Economics (Portugal).
  • Handle: RePEc:evo:wpecon:1_2011

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    Cited by:

    1. Barreal, Jesús & Loureiro, Maria L. & Picos, Juan, 2014. "On insurance as a tool for securing forest restoration after wildfires," Forest Policy and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 42(C), pages 15-23.
    2. Brunette, M. & Holecy, J. & Sedliak, M. & Tucek, J. & Hanewinkel, M., 2015. "An actuarial model of forest insurance against multiple natural hazards in fir (Abies Alba Mill.) stands in Slovakia," Forest Policy and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 55(C), pages 46-57.

    More about this item


    forest fire; insurance; risk premium; forest property insurance;

    JEL classification:

    • G22 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Insurance; Insurance Companies; Actuarial Studies
    • Q23 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation - - - Forestry
    • Q54 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Climate; Natural Disasters and their Management; Global Warming

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