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Faut-il financer le permis de conduire pour les jeunes en difficulté d’insertion ?

Author

Listed:
  • Yannick L’Horty

    () (Université Paris-Est, ERUDITE et TEPP (FR CNRS n°3126))

  • Emmanuel Duguet

    () (Université Paris-Est, ERUDITE et TEPP (FR CNRS n°3126))

  • Pascale Petit

    () (Université d’Evry-Val-d’Essonne, EPEE et TEPP (FR CNRS n°3126))

  • Bénédicte Rouland

    () (Université du Maine, GAINS et TEPP (FR CNRS n°3126))

Abstract

Nous évaluons les effets d’une expérimentation nationale qui consiste à proposer à 10 000 jeunes en difficulté d’insertion et/ou issus de ménages modestes une participation financière significative, de l’ordre de 1000 €, et un accompagnement personnalisé pour leur permettre de passer le permis de conduire. L’expérimentation a été réalisée sur plus d’une centaine de territoires en France, en partenariat avec des missions locales et des auto-écoles sociales. Pour évaluer les effets du programme, la démarche consiste à suivre une cohorte de jeunes, entrés dans le programme entre janvier et septembre 2010, en comparant un groupe test, bénéficiaire du programme, et un groupe témoin de non bénéficiaires, sélectionnés par assignation aléatoire avec consentement éclairé. Pour cette première évaluation, nous exploitons les résultats d’une enquête réalisée en avril-mai 2011, soit un an en moyenne après l’entrée dans le dispositif. Les résultats soulignent l’ampleur des effets de Lock-in dans le passage du permis de conduire en France. Le passage du permis s’apparente à une véritable formation professionnelle, intense, sélective et de longue durée qui empêche d’autres investissements dans la sphère professionnelle tout autant que dans la sphère non professionnelle. Ces conclusions d’étape sur l’ampleur de l’effet de lock-In à court terme pourront être contrebalancées par des résultats sur la qualité de l’insertion professionnelle à plus long terme lorsque les résultats de la deuxième enquête, deux ans après l’entrée dans le programme, seront disponibles.

Suggested Citation

  • Yannick L’Horty & Emmanuel Duguet & Pascale Petit & Bénédicte Rouland, 2012. "Faut-il financer le permis de conduire pour les jeunes en difficulté d’insertion ?," Documents de recherche 12-08, Centre d'Études des Politiques Économiques (EPEE), Université d'Evry Val d'Essonne.
  • Handle: RePEc:eve:wpaper:12-08
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    accès à l’emploi; mobilité; permis de conduire; évaluation randomisée;

    JEL classification:

    • C93 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Design of Experiments - - - Field Experiments
    • J16 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination
    • J61 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Geographic Labor Mobility; Immigrant Workers
    • J71 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor Discrimination - - - Hiring and Firing

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