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A gravity equation for commuting

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  • Damiaan Persyn
  • Wouter Torfs

Abstract

This paper derives a gravity equation for commuter flows from a simple spatial labor market model, and uses it to identify the effect of regional borders on commuting. This structural approach allows us to identify the relevant control variables and sources of potential omitted variable bias. The model is estimated by means of a negative binomial regression using Belgian data on intermunicipality commuting. We find that regional borders exert a sizable residual deterrent effect on commuting. This border-effect differs significantly between regions and depends on the direction in which the border is crossed.

Suggested Citation

  • Damiaan Persyn & Wouter Torfs, 2012. "A gravity equation for commuting," Working Papers VIVES Research Centre for Regional Economics 33, KU Leuven, Faculty of Economics and Business, VIVES Research Centre for Regional Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:ete:vivwps:33
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    Cited by:

    1. Jozef Konings & Luca Marcolin, 2014. "Do wages reflect labor productivity? The case of Belgian regions," IZA Journal of European Labor Studies, Springer;Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit GmbH (IZA), vol. 3(1), pages 1-21, December.
    2. Persyn, Damiaan & Brandsma, Andries & Kancs, d’Artis, 2014. "Modelling Migration and Regional Labour Markets: an Application of the New Economic Geography Model RHOMOLO," Journal of Economic Integration, Center for Economic Integration, Sejong University, vol. 29, pages 372-407.
    3. Rycx, Francois & Saks, Yves & Tojerow, Ilan, 2016. "Misalignment of Productivity and Wages across Regions? Evidence from Belgian Matched Panel Data," IZA Discussion Papers 10336, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    4. D'Artis Kancs & Enrique Lopez-Bazo & Fabio Manca & Damiaan Persyn, 2012. "Modelling Migration and Regional Labour Markets: An Application of New Economic Geography Model Rhomolo," ERSA conference papers ersa12p808, European Regional Science Association.
    5. Heuermann, Daniel F. & Schmieder, Johannes F., 2014. "Warping Space: High-Speed Rail and Returns to Scale in Local Labor Markets," Annual Conference 2014 (Hamburg): Evidence-based Economic Policy 100293, Verein für Socialpolitik / German Economic Association.

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